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LWP::RobotUA(3)       User Contributed Perl Documentation      LWP::RobotUA(3)



NAME
       LWP::RobotUA - a class for well-behaved Web robots

SYNOPSIS
         use LWP::RobotUA;
         my $ua = LWP::RobotUA->new('my-robot/0.1', 'meATfoo.com');
         $ua->delay(10);  # be very nice -- max one hit every ten minutes!
         ...

         # Then just use it just like a normal LWP::UserAgent:
         my $response = $ua->get('http://whatever.int/...');
         ...

DESCRIPTION
       This class implements a user agent that is suitable for robot applications.  Robots should be nice to the
       servers they visit.  They should consult the /robots.txt file to ensure that they are welcomed and they should
       not make requests too frequently.

       But before you consider writing a robot, take a look at <URL:http://www.robotstxt.org/>;.

       When you use a LWP::RobotUA object as your user agent, then you do not really have to think about these things
       yourself; "robots.txt" files are automatically consulted and obeyed, the server isn't queried too rapidly, and
       so on.  Just send requests as you do when you are using a normal LWP::UserAgent object (using "$ua->get(...)",
       "$ua->head(...)", "$ua->request(...)", etc.), and this special agent will make sure you are nice.

METHODS
       The LWP::RobotUA is a sub-class of LWP::UserAgent and implements the same methods. In addition the following
       methods are provided:

       $ua = LWP::RobotUA->new( %options )
       $ua = LWP::RobotUA->new( $agent, $from )
       $ua = LWP::RobotUA->new( $agent, $from, $rules )
           The LWP::UserAgent options "agent" and "from" are mandatory.  The options "delay", "use_sleep" and "rules"
           initialize attributes private to the RobotUA.  If "rules" are not provided, then "WWW::RobotRules" is
           instantiated providing an internal database of robots.txt.

           It is also possible to just pass the value of "agent", "from" and optionally "rules" as plain positional
           arguments.

       $ua->delay
       $ua->delay( $minutes )
           Get/set the minimum delay between requests to the same server, in minutes.  The default is 1 minute.  Note
           that this number doesn't have to be an integer; for example, this sets the delay to 10 seconds:

               $ua->delay(10/60);

       $ua->use_sleep
       $ua->use_sleep( $boolean )
           Get/set a value indicating whether the UA should sleep() if requests arrive too fast, defined as $ua->delay
           minutes not passed since last request to the given server.  The default is TRUE.  If this value is FALSE
           then an internal SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE response will be generated.  It will have an Retry-After header that
           indicates when it is OK to send another request to this server.

       $ua->rules
       $ua->rules( $rules )
           Set/get which WWW::RobotRules object to use.

       $ua->no_visits( $netloc )
           Returns the number of documents fetched from this server host. Yeah I know, this method should probably
           have been named num_visits() or something like that. :-(

       $ua->host_wait( $netloc )
           Returns the number of seconds (from now) you must wait before you can make a new request to this host.

       $ua->as_string
           Returns a string that describes the state of the UA.  Mainly useful for debugging.

SEE ALSO
       LWP::UserAgent, WWW::RobotRules

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright 1996-2004 Gisle Aas.

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.



perl v5.8.8                       2008-12-05                   LWP::RobotUA(3)