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ExtUtils::Constant(3)  Perl Programmers Reference Guide  ExtUtils::Constant(3)



NAME
       ExtUtils::Constant - generate XS code to import C header constants

SYNOPSIS
           use ExtUtils::Constant qw (WriteConstants);
           WriteConstants(
               NAME => 'Foo',
               NAMES => [qw(FOO BAR BAZ)],
           );
           # Generates wrapper code to make the values of the constants FOO BAR BAZ
           #  available to perl

DESCRIPTION
       ExtUtils::Constant facilitates generating C and XS wrapper code to allow perl modules to AUTOLOAD constants
       defined in C library header files.  It is principally used by the "h2xs" utility, on which this code is based.
       It doesn't contain the routines to scan header files to extract these constants.

USAGE
       Generally one only needs to call the "WriteConstants" function, and then

           #include "const-c.inc"

       in the C section of "Foo.xs"

           INCLUDE: const-xs.inc

       in the XS section of "Foo.xs".

       For greater flexibility use "constant_types()", "C_constant" and "XS_constant", with which "WriteConstants" is
       implemented.

       Currently this module understands the following types. h2xs may only know a subset. The sizes of the numeric
       types are chosen by the "Configure" script at compile time.

       IV  signed integer, at least 32 bits.

       UV  unsigned integer, the same size as IV

       NV  floating point type, probably "double", possibly "long double"

       PV  NUL terminated string, length will be determined with "strlen"

       PVN A fixed length thing, given as a [pointer, length] pair. If you know the length of a string at compile time
           you may use this instead of PV

       SV  A mortal SV.

       YES Truth.  ("PL_sv_yes")  The value is not needed (and ignored).

       NO  Defined Falsehood.  ("PL_sv_no")  The value is not needed (and ignored).

       UNDEF
           "undef".  The value of the macro is not needed.

FUNCTIONS
       constant_types
           A function returning a single scalar with "#define" definitions for the constants used internally between
           the generated C and XS functions.

       XS_constant PACKAGE, TYPES, SUBNAME, C_SUBNAME
           A function to generate the XS code to implement the perl subroutine PACKAGE::constant used by PACK-
           AGE::AUTOLOAD to load constants.  This XS code is a wrapper around a C subroutine usually generated by
           "C_constant", and usually named "constant".

           TYPES should be given either as a comma separated list of types that the C subroutine "constant" will gen-
           erate or as a reference to a hash. It should be the same list of types as "C_constant" was given.  [Other-
           wise "XS_constant" and "C_constant" may have different ideas about the number of parameters passed to the C
           function "constant"]

           You can call the perl visible subroutine something other than "constant" if you give the parameter SUBNAME.
           The C subroutine it calls defaults to the name of the perl visible subroutine, unless you give the parame-
           ter C_SUBNAME.

       autoload PACKAGE, VERSION, AUTOLOADER
           A function to generate the AUTOLOAD subroutine for the module PACKAGE VERSION is the perl version the code
           should be backwards compatible with.  It defaults to the version of perl running the subroutine.  If
           AUTOLOADER is true, the AUTOLOAD subroutine falls back on AutoLoader::AUTOLOAD for all names that the con-
           stant() routine doesn't recognise.

       WriteMakefileSnippet
           WriteMakefileSnippet ATTRIBUTE => VALUE [, ...]

           A function to generate perl code for Makefile.PL that will regenerate the constant subroutines.  Parameters
           are named as passed to "WriteConstants", with the addition of "INDENT" to specify the number of leading
           spaces (default 2).

           Currently only "INDENT", "NAME", "DEFAULT_TYPE", "NAMES", "C_FILE" and "XS_FILE" are recognised.

       WriteConstants ATTRIBUTE => VALUE [, ...]
           Writes a file of C code and a file of XS code which you should "#include" and "INCLUDE" in the C and XS
           sections respectively of your module's XS code.  You probably want to do this in your "Makefile.PL", so
           that you can easily edit the list of constants without touching the rest of your module.  The attributes
           supported are

           NAME
               Name of the module.  This must be specified

           DEFAULT_TYPE
               The default type for the constants.  If not specified "IV" is assumed.

           BREAKOUT_AT
               The names of the constants are grouped by length.  Generate child subroutines for each group with this
               number or more names in.

           NAMES
               An array of constants' names, either scalars containing names, or hashrefs as detailed in "C_constant".

           C_FILE
               The name of the file to write containing the C code.  The default is "const-c.inc".  The "-" in the
               name ensures that the file can't be mistaken for anything related to a legitimate perl package name,
               and not naming the file ".c" avoids having to override Makefile.PL's ".xs" to ".c" rules.

           XS_FILE
               The name of the file to write containing the XS code.  The default is "const-xs.inc".

           SUBNAME
               The perl visible name of the XS subroutine generated which will return the constants. The default is
               "constant".

           C_SUBNAME
               The name of the C subroutine generated which will return the constants.  The default is SUBNAME.  Child
               subroutines have "_" and the name length appended, so constants with 10 character names would be in
               "constant_10" with the default XS_SUBNAME.

AUTHOR
       Nicholas Clark <nickATccl4.org> based on the code in "h2xs" by Larry Wall and others



perl v5.8.8                       2001-09-21             ExtUtils::Constant(3)