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File: widget,  Node: Top,  Next: Introduction,  Prev: (dir),  Up: (dir)

The Emacs Widget Library
************************

Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008,
2009  Free Software Foundation, Inc.

     Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this
     document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License,
     Version 1.3 or any later version published by the Free Software
     Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with the Front-Cover texts
     being "A GNU Manual", and with the Back-Cover Texts as in (a)
     below.  A copy of the license is included in the section entitled
     "GNU Free Documentation License".

     (a) The FSF's Back-Cover Text is: "You have the freedom to copy and
     modify this GNU manual.  Buying copies from the FSF supports it in
     developing GNU and promoting software freedom."

* Menu:

* Introduction::
* User Interface::
* Programming Example::
* Setting Up the Buffer::
* Basic Types::
* Sexp Types::
* Widget Properties::
* Defining New Widgets::
* Widget Browser::
* Widget Minor Mode::
* Utilities::
* Widget Wishlist::
* GNU Free Documentation License::
* Index::

File: widget,  Node: Introduction,  Next: User Interface,  Prev: Top,  Up: Top

Introduction
============

Most graphical user interface toolkits provide a number of standard
user interface controls (sometimes known as `widgets' or `gadgets').
Emacs doesn't really support anything like this, except for an
incredibly powerful text "widget."  On the other hand, Emacs does
provide the necessary primitives to implement many other widgets within
a text buffer.  The `widget' package simplifies this task.

   The basic widgets are:

`link'
     Areas of text with an associated action.  Intended for hypertext
     links embedded in text.

`push-button'
     Like link, but intended for stand-alone buttons.

`editable-field'
     An editable text field.  It can be either variable or fixed length.

`menu-choice'
     Allows the user to choose one of multiple options from a menu, each
     option is itself a widget.  Only the selected option will be
     visible in the buffer.

`radio-button-choice'
     Allows the user to choose one of multiple options by activating
     radio buttons.  The options are implemented as widgets.  All
     options will be visible in the buffer.

`item'
     A simple constant widget intended to be used in the `menu-choice'
     and `radio-button-choice' widgets.

`choice-item'
     A button item only intended for use in choices.  When invoked, the
     user will be asked to select another option from the choice widget.

`toggle'
     A simple `on'/`off' switch.

`checkbox'
     A checkbox (`[ ]'/`[X]').

`editable-list'
     Create an editable list.  The user can insert or delete items in
     the list.  Each list item is itself a widget.

   Now, of what possible use can support for widgets be in a text
editor?  I'm glad you asked.  The answer is that widgets are useful for
implementing forms.  A "form" in Emacs is a buffer where the user is
supposed to fill out a number of fields, each of which has a specific
meaning.  The user is not supposed to change or delete any of the text
between the fields.  Examples of forms in Emacs are the `forms' package
(of course), the customize buffers, the mail and news compose modes,
and the HTML form support in the `w3' browser.

   The advantages for a programmer of using the `widget' package to
implement forms are:

  1. More complex fields than just editable text are supported.

  2. You can give the users immediate feedback if they enter invalid
     data in a text field, and sometimes prevent entering invalid data.

  3. You can have fixed sized fields, thus allowing multiple fields to
     be lined up in columns.

  4. It is simple to query or set the value of a field.

  5. Editing happens in the buffer, not in the mini-buffer.

  6. Packages using the library get a uniform look, making them easier
     for the user to learn.

  7. As support for embedded graphics improve, the widget library will
     be extended to use the GUI features.  This means that your code
     using the widget library will also use the new graphic features
     automatically.

File: widget,  Node: User Interface,  Next: Programming Example,  Prev: Introduction,  Up: Top

User Interface
==============

A form consists of read only text for documentation and some fields,
where each field contains two parts, a tag and a value.  The tags are
used to identify the fields, so the documentation can refer to the `foo
field', meaning the field tagged with `Foo'. Here is an example form:

     Here is some documentation.

     Name: My Name     *Choose*: This option
     Address:  Some Place
     In some City
     Some country.

     See also _other work_ for more information.

     Numbers: count to three below
     [INS] [DEL] One
     [INS] [DEL] Eh, two?
     [INS] [DEL] Five!
     [INS]

     Select multiple:

     [X] This
     [ ] That
     [X] Thus

     Select one:

     (*) One
     ( ) Another One.
     ( ) A Final One.

     [Apply Form] [Reset Form]

   The top level widgets in this example are tagged `Name', `Choose',
`Address', `_other work_', `Numbers', `Select multiple', `Select one',
`[Apply Form]', and `[Reset Form]'.  There are basically two things the
user can do within a form, namely editing the editable text fields and
activating the buttons.

Editable Text Fields
--------------------

In the example, the value for the `Name' is most likely displayed in an
editable text field, and so are values for each of the members of the
`Numbers' list.  All the normal Emacs editing operations are available
for editing these fields.  The only restriction is that each change you
make must be contained within a single editable text field.  For
example, capitalizing all text from the middle of one field to the
middle of another field is prohibited.

   Editable text fields are created by the `editable-field' widget.

   *Warning:* In an `editable-field' widget, the editable field must
not be adjacent to another widget--that won't work.  You must put some
text in between.  Either make this text part of the `editable-field'
widget itself, or insert it with `widget-insert'.

   The `:format' keyword is useful for generating the necessary text;
for instance, if you give it a value of `"Name: %v "', the `Name: '
part will provide the necessary separating text before the field and
the trailing space will provide the separating text after the field.
If you don't include the `:size' keyword, the field will extend to the
end of the line, and the terminating newline will provide separation
after.

   *Warning:* In an `editable-field' widget, the `%v' escape must be
preceded by some other text in the `:format' string (if specified).

   The editing text fields are highlighted with the `widget-field-face'
face, making them easy to find.

 -- Face: widget-field-face
     Face used for other editing fields.

Buttons
-------

Some portions of the buffer have an associated "action", which can be
"invoked" by a standard key or mouse command.  These portions are
called "buttons".  The default commands for activating a button are:

`<RET>'
      -- Command: widget-button-press POS &optional EVENT
          Invoke the button at POS, defaulting to point.  If point is
          not located on a button, invoke the binding in
          `widget-global-map' (by default the global map).

`Mouse-2'
      -- Command: widget-button-click EVENT
          Invoke the button at the location of the mouse pointer.  If
          the mouse pointer is located in an editable text field,
          invoke the binding in `widget-global-map' (by default the
          global map).

   There are several different kind of buttons, all of which are
present in the example:

_The Option Field Tags_
     When you invoke one of these buttons, you will be asked to choose
     between a number of different options.  This is how you edit an
     option field.  Option fields are created by the `menu-choice'
     widget.  In the example, `Choose' is an option field tag.

_The `[INS]' and `[DEL]' buttons_
     Activating these will insert or delete elements from an editable
     list.  The list is created by the `editable-list' widget.

_Embedded Buttons_
     The `_other work_' is an example of an embedded button.  Embedded
     buttons are not associated with any fields, but can serve any
     purpose, such as implementing hypertext references.  They are
     usually created by the `link' widget.

_The `[ ]' and `[X]' buttons_
     Activating one of these will convert it to the other.  This is
     useful for implementing multiple-choice fields.  You can create
     them with the `checkbox' widget.

_The `( )' and `(*)' buttons_
     Only one radio button in a `radio-button-choice' widget can be
     selected at any time.  When you invoke one of the unselected radio
     buttons, it will be selected and the previous selected radio
     button will become unselected.

_The `[Apply Form]' and `[Reset Form]' buttons_
     These are explicit buttons made with the `push-button' widget.  The
     main difference from the `link' widget is that the buttons will be
     displayed as GUI buttons when possible.

   To make them easier to locate, buttons are emphasized in the buffer.

 -- Face: widget-button-face
     Face used for buttons.

 -- User Option: widget-mouse-face
     Face used for highlighting a button when the mouse pointer moves
     across it.

Navigation
----------

You can use all the normal Emacs commands to move around in a form
buffer, plus you will have these additional commands:

`<TAB>'
      -- Command: widget-forward &optional count
          Move point COUNT buttons or editing fields forward.

`M-<TAB>'
`S-<TAB>'
      -- Command: widget-backward &optional count
          Move point COUNT buttons or editing fields backward.

File: widget,  Node: Programming Example,  Next: Setting Up the Buffer,  Prev: User Interface,  Up: Top

Programming Example
===================

Here is the code to implement the user interface example (*note User
Interface::).

     (require 'widget)

     (eval-when-compile
       (require 'wid-edit))

     (defvar widget-example-repeat)

     (defun widget-example ()
       "Create the widgets from the Widget manual."
       (interactive)
       (switch-to-buffer "*Widget Example*")
       (kill-all-local-variables)
       (make-local-variable 'widget-example-repeat)
       (let ((inhibit-read-only t))
         (erase-buffer))
       (remove-overlays)
       (widget-insert "Here is some documentation.\n\n")
       (widget-create 'editable-field
     		 :size 13
     		 :format "Name: %v " ; Text after the field!
     		 "My Name")
       (widget-create 'menu-choice
     		 :tag "Choose"
     		 :value "This"
     		 :help-echo "Choose me, please!"
     		 :notify (lambda (widget &rest ignore)
     			   (message "%s is a good choice!"
     				    (widget-value widget)))
     		 '(item :tag "This option" :value "This")
     		 '(choice-item "That option")
     		 '(editable-field :menu-tag "No option" "Thus option"))
       (widget-create 'editable-field
     		 :format "Address: %v"
     		 "Some Place\nIn some City\nSome country.")
       (widget-insert "\nSee also ")
       (widget-create 'link
     		 :notify (lambda (&rest ignore)
     			   (widget-value-set widget-example-repeat
     					     '("En" "To" "Tre"))
     			   (widget-setup))
     		 "other work")
       (widget-insert
         " for more information.\n\nNumbers: count to three below\n")
       (setq widget-example-repeat
     	(widget-create 'editable-list
     		       :entry-format "%i %d %v"
     		       :notify (lambda (widget &rest ignore)
     				 (let ((old (widget-get widget
     							':example-length))
     				       (new (length (widget-value widget))))
     				   (unless (eq old new)
     				     (widget-put widget ':example-length new)
     				     (message "You can count to %d." new))))
     		       :value '("One" "Eh, two?" "Five!")
     		       '(editable-field :value "three")))
       (widget-insert "\n\nSelect multiple:\n\n")
       (widget-create 'checkbox t)
       (widget-insert " This\n")
       (widget-create 'checkbox nil)
       (widget-insert " That\n")
       (widget-create 'checkbox
     		 :notify (lambda (&rest ignore) (message "Tickle"))
     		 t)
       (widget-insert " Thus\n\nSelect one:\n\n")
       (widget-create 'radio-button-choice
     		 :value "One"
     		 :notify (lambda (widget &rest ignore)
     			   (message "You selected %s"
     				    (widget-value widget)))
     		 '(item "One") '(item "Another One.") '(item "A Final One."))
       (widget-insert "\n")
       (widget-create 'push-button
     		 :notify (lambda (&rest ignore)
     			   (if (= (length (widget-value widget-example-repeat))
     				  3)
     			       (message "Congratulation!")
     			     (error "Three was the count!")))
     		 "Apply Form")
       (widget-insert " ")
       (widget-create 'push-button
     		 :notify (lambda (&rest ignore)
     			   (widget-example))
     		 "Reset Form")
       (widget-insert "\n")
       (use-local-map widget-keymap)
       (widget-setup))

File: widget,  Node: Setting Up the Buffer,  Next: Basic Types,  Prev: Programming Example,  Up: Top

Setting Up the Buffer
=====================

Widgets are created with `widget-create', which returns a "widget"
object.  This object can be queried and manipulated by other widget
functions, until it is deleted with `widget-delete'.  After the widgets
have been created, `widget-setup' must be called to enable them.

 -- Function: widget-create type [ keyword argument ]...
     Create and return a widget of type TYPE.  The syntax for the TYPE
     argument is described in *note Basic Types::.

     The keyword arguments can be used to overwrite the keyword
     arguments that are part of TYPE.

 -- Function: widget-delete widget
     Delete WIDGET and remove it from the buffer.

 -- Function: widget-setup
     Set up a buffer to support widgets.

     This should be called after creating all the widgets and before
     allowing the user to edit them.


   If you want to insert text outside the widgets in the form, the
recommended way to do that is with `widget-insert'.

 -- Function: widget-insert
     Insert the arguments, either strings or characters, at point.  The
     inserted text will be read-only.

   There is a standard widget keymap which you might find useful.

 -- Const: widget-keymap
     A keymap with the global keymap as its parent.
     <TAB> and `C-<TAB>' are bound to `widget-forward' and
     `widget-backward', respectively.  <RET> and `Mouse-2' are bound to
     `widget-button-press' and `widget-button-click'.

 -- Variable: widget-global-map
     Keymap used by `widget-button-press' and `widget-button-click'
     when not on a button.  By default this is `global-map'.

File: widget,  Node: Basic Types,  Next: Sexp Types,  Prev: Setting Up the Buffer,  Up: Top

Basic Types
===========

This is the general syntax of a type specification:

     NAME ::= (NAME [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]... ARGS)
          |   NAME

   Where, NAME is a widget name, KEYWORD is the name of a property,
ARGUMENT is the value of the property, and ARGS are interpreted in a
widget specific way.

   The following keyword arguments apply to all widgets:

`:value'
     The initial value for widgets of this type.

`:format'
     This string will be inserted in the buffer when you create a
     widget.  The following `%' escapes are available:

    `%['
    `%]'
          The text inside will be marked as a button.

          By default, the text will be shown in `widget-button-face',
          and surrounded by brackets.

           -- User Option: widget-button-prefix
               String to prefix buttons.

           -- User Option: widget-button-suffix
               String to suffix buttons.

    `%{'
    `%}'
          The text inside will be displayed with the face specified by
          `:sample-face'.

    `%v'
          This will be replaced with the buffer representation of the
          widget's value.  What this is depends on the widget type.

          *Warning:* In an `editable-field' widget, the `%v' escape
          must be preceded by some other text in the format string (if
          specified).

    `%d'
          Insert the string specified by `:doc' here.

    `%h'
          Like `%d', with the following modifications: If the
          documentation string is more than one line, it will add a
          button which will toggle between showing only the first line,
          and showing the full text.  Furthermore, if there is no
          `:doc' property in the widget, it will instead examine the
          `:documentation-property' property.  If it is a lambda
          expression, it will be called with the widget's value as an
          argument, and the result will be used as the documentation
          text.

    `%t'
          Insert the string specified by `:tag' here, or the `princ'
          representation of the value if there is no tag.

    `%%'
          Insert a literal `%'.

`:button-face'
     Face used to highlight text inside %[ %] in the format.

`:button-prefix'
`:button-suffix'
     Text around %[ %] in the format.

     These can be
    _nil_
          No text is inserted.

    _a string_
          The string is inserted literally.

    _a symbol_
          The value of the symbol is expanded according to this table.

`:doc'
     The string inserted by the `%d' escape in the format string.

`:tag'
     The string inserted by the `%t' escape in the format string.

`:tag-glyph'
     Name of image to use instead of the string specified by `:tag' on
     Emacsen that supports it.

`:help-echo'
     Specifies how to display a message whenever you move to the widget
     with either `widget-forward' or `widget-backward' or move the mouse
     over it (using the standard `help-echo' mechanism).  The argument
     is either a string to display, a function of one argument, the
     widget, which should return a string to display, or a form that
     evaluates to such a string.

`:follow-link'
     Specifies how to interpret a <mouse-1> click on the widget.  *Note
     Defining Clickable Text: (elisp)Clickable Text.

`:indent'
     An integer indicating the absolute number of spaces to indent
     children of this widget.

`:offset'
     An integer indicating how many extra spaces to add to the widget's
     grandchildren compared to this widget.

`:extra-offset'
     An integer indicating how many extra spaces to add to the widget's
     children compared to this widget.

`:notify'
     A function called each time the widget or a nested widget is
     changed.  The function is called with two or three arguments.  The
     first argument is the widget itself, the second argument is the
     widget that was changed, and the third argument is the event
     leading to the change, if any.

`:menu-tag'
     Tag used in the menu when the widget is used as an option in a
     `menu-choice' widget.

`:menu-tag-get'
     Function used for finding the tag when the widget is used as an
     option in a `menu-choice' widget.  By default, the tag used will
     be either the `:menu-tag' or `:tag' property if present, or the
     `princ' representation of the `:value' property if not.

`:match'
     Should be a function called with two arguments, the widget and a
     value, and returning non-`nil' if the widget can represent the
     specified value.

`:validate'
     A function which takes a widget as an argument, and returns `nil'
     if the widget's current value is valid for the widget.  Otherwise
     it should return the widget containing the invalid data, and set
     that widget's `:error' property to a string explaining the error.

     The following predefined function can be used:

      -- Function: widget-children-validate widget
          All the `:children' of WIDGET must be valid.

`:tab-order'
     Specify the order in which widgets are traversed with
     `widget-forward' or `widget-backward'.  This is only partially
     implemented.

       a. Widgets with tabbing order `-1' are ignored.

       b. (Unimplemented) When on a widget with tabbing order N, go to
          the next widget in the buffer with tabbing order N+1 or `nil',
          whichever comes first.

       c. When on a widget with no tabbing order specified, go to the
          next widget in the buffer with a positive tabbing order, or
          `nil'

`:parent'
     The parent of a nested widget (e.g. a `menu-choice' item or an
     element of a `editable-list' widget).

`:sibling-args'
     This keyword is only used for members of a `radio-button-choice' or
     `checklist'.  The value should be a list of extra keyword
     arguments, which will be used when creating the `radio-button' or
     `checkbox' associated with this item.


 -- User Option: widget-glyph-directory
     Directory where glyphs are found.  Widget will look here for a
     file with the same name as specified for the image, with either a
     `.xpm' (if supported) or `.xbm' extension.

 -- User Option: widget-glyph-enable
     If non-`nil', allow glyphs to appear on displays where they are
     supported.

* Menu:

* link::
* url-link::
* info-link::
* push-button::
* editable-field::
* text::
* menu-choice::
* radio-button-choice::
* item::
* choice-item::
* toggle::
* checkbox::
* checklist::
* editable-list::
* group::

File: widget,  Node: link,  Next: url-link,  Prev: Basic Types,  Up: Basic Types

The `link' Widget
-----------------

Syntax:

     TYPE ::= (link [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...  [ VALUE ])

   The VALUE, if present, is used to initialize the `:value' property.
The value should be a string, which will be inserted in the buffer.

   By default the link will be shown in brackets.

 -- User Option: widget-link-prefix
     String to prefix links.

 -- User Option: widget-link-suffix
     String to suffix links.

File: widget,  Node: url-link,  Next: info-link,  Prev: link,  Up: Basic Types

The `url-link' Widget
---------------------

Syntax:

     TYPE ::= (url-link [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...  URL)

   When this link is invoked, the WWW browser specified by
`browse-url-browser-function' will be called with URL.

File: widget,  Node: info-link,  Next: push-button,  Prev: url-link,  Up: Basic Types

The `info-link' Widget
----------------------

Syntax:

     TYPE ::= (info-link [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...  ADDRESS)

   When this link is invoked, the built-in Info reader is started on
ADDRESS.

File: widget,  Node: push-button,  Next: editable-field,  Prev: info-link,  Up: Basic Types

The `push-button' Widget
------------------------

Syntax:

     TYPE ::= (push-button [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...  [ VALUE ])

   The VALUE, if present, is used to initialize the `:value' property.
The value should be a string, which will be inserted in the buffer.

   By default the tag will be shown in brackets.

 -- User Option: widget-push-button-prefix
     String to prefix push buttons.

 -- User Option: widget-push-button-suffix
     String to suffix push buttons.

File: widget,  Node: editable-field,  Next: text,  Prev: push-button,  Up: Basic Types

The `editable-field' Widget
---------------------------

Syntax:

     TYPE ::= (editable-field [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]... [ VALUE ])

   The VALUE, if present, is used to initialize the `:value' property.
The value should be a string, which will be inserted in the field.
This widget will match all string values.

   The following extra properties are recognized:

`:size'
     The width of the editable field.
     By default the field will reach to the end of the line.

`:value-face'
     Face used for highlighting the editable field.  Default is
     `widget-field-face', see *note User Interface::.

`:secret'
     Character used to display the value.  You can set this to e.g. `?*'
     if the field contains a password or other secret information.  By
     default, this is `nil', and the value is not secret.

`:valid-regexp'
     By default the `:validate' function will match the content of the
     field with the value of this attribute.  The default value is `""'
     which matches everything.

`:keymap'
     Keymap used in the editable field.  The default value is
     `widget-field-keymap', which allows you to use all the normal
     editing commands, even if the buffer's major mode suppresses some
     of them.  Pressing <RET> invokes the function specified by
     `:action'.

File: widget,  Node: text,  Next: menu-choice,  Prev: editable-field,  Up: Basic Types

The `text' Widget
-----------------

This is just like `editable-field', but intended for multiline text
fields.  The default `:keymap' is `widget-text-keymap', which does not
rebind the <RET> key.

File: widget,  Node: menu-choice,  Next: radio-button-choice,  Prev: text,  Up: Basic Types

The `menu-choice' Widget
------------------------

Syntax:

     TYPE ::= (menu-choice [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]... TYPE ... )

   The TYPE argument represents each possible choice.  The widget's
value will be that of the chosen TYPE argument.  This widget will match
any value matching at least one of the specified TYPE arguments.

`:void'
     Widget type used as a fallback when the value does not match any
     of the specified TYPE arguments.

`:case-fold'
     Set this to `nil' if you don't want to ignore case when prompting
     for a choice through the minibuffer.

`:children'
     A list whose CAR is the widget representing the currently chosen
     type in the buffer.

`:choice'
     The current chosen type.

`:args'
     The list of types.

File: widget,  Node: radio-button-choice,  Next: item,  Prev: menu-choice,  Up: Basic Types

The `radio-button-choice' Widget
--------------------------------

Syntax:

     TYPE ::= (radio-button-choice [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...  TYPE ... )

   The component types specify the choices, with one radio button for
each.  The widget's value will be that of the chosen TYPE argument.
This widget matches any value that matches at least one of the
specified TYPE arguments.

   The following extra properties are recognized.

`:entry-format'
     This string will be inserted for each entry in the list.  The
     following `%' escapes are available:
    `%v'
          Replace with the buffer representation of the TYPE widget.

    `%b'
          Replace with the radio button.

    `%%'
          Insert a literal `%'.

`:button-args'
     A list of keywords to pass to the radio buttons.  Useful for
     setting e.g. the `:help-echo' for each button.

`:buttons'
     The widgets representing the radio buttons.

`:children'
     The widgets representing each type.

`:choice'
     The current chosen type

`:args'
     The list of types.

   You can add extra radio button items to a `radio-button-choice'
widget after it has been created with the function
`widget-radio-add-item'.

 -- Function: widget-radio-add-item widget type
     Add to `radio-button-choice' widget WIDGET a new radio button item
     of type TYPE.

   Please note that such items added after the `radio-button-choice'
widget has been created will *not* be properly destructed when you call
`widget-delete'.

File: widget,  Node: item,  Next: choice-item,  Prev: radio-button-choice,  Up: Basic Types

The `item' Widget
-----------------

Syntax:

     ITEM ::= (item [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]... VALUE)

   The VALUE, if present, is used to initialize the `:value' property.
The value should be a string, which will be inserted in the buffer.
This widget will only match the specified value.

File: widget,  Node: choice-item,  Next: toggle,  Prev: item,  Up: Basic Types

The `choice-item' Widget
------------------------

Syntax:

     ITEM ::= (choice-item [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]... VALUE)

   The VALUE, if present, is used to initialize the `:value' property.
The value should be a string, which will be inserted in the buffer as a
button.  Activating the button of a `choice-item' is equivalent to
activating the parent widget.  This widget will only match the
specified value.

File: widget,  Node: toggle,  Next: checkbox,  Prev: choice-item,  Up: Basic Types

The `toggle' Widget
-------------------

Syntax:

     TYPE ::= (toggle [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...)

   The widget has two possible states, `on' and `off', which correspond
to a `t' or `nil' value, respectively.

   The following extra properties are recognized:

`:on'
     A string representing the `on' state.  By default the string `on'.

`:off'
     A string representing the `off' state.  By default the string
     `off'.

`:on-glyph'
     Name of a glyph to be used instead of the `:on' text string, on
     emacsen that supports this.

`:off-glyph'
     Name of a glyph to be used instead of the `:off' text string, on
     emacsen that supports this.

File: widget,  Node: checkbox,  Next: checklist,  Prev: toggle,  Up: Basic Types

The `checkbox' Widget
---------------------

This widget has two possible states, `selected' and `unselected', which
corresponds to a `t' or `nil' value.

   Syntax:

     TYPE ::= (checkbox [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...)

File: widget,  Node: checklist,  Next: editable-list,  Prev: checkbox,  Up: Basic Types

The `checklist' Widget
----------------------

Syntax:

     TYPE ::= (checklist [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...  TYPE ... )

   The TYPE arguments represent each checklist item.  The widget's
value will be a list containing the values of all checked TYPE
arguments.  The checklist widget will match a list whose elements all
match at least one of the specified TYPE arguments.

   The following extra properties are recognized:

`:entry-format'
     This string will be inserted for each entry in the list.  The
     following `%' escapes are available:
    `%v'
          Replaced with the buffer representation of the TYPE widget.

    `%b'
          Replace with the checkbox.

    `%%'
          Insert a literal `%'.

`:greedy'
     Usually a checklist will only match if the items are in the exact
     sequence given in the specification.  By setting `:greedy' to
     non-`nil', it will allow the items to come in any sequence.
     However, if you extract the value they will be in the sequence
     given in the checklist, i.e. the original sequence is forgotten.

`:button-args'
     A list of keywords to pass to the checkboxes.  Useful for setting
     e.g. the `:help-echo' for each checkbox.

`:buttons'
     The widgets representing the checkboxes.

`:children'
     The widgets representing each type.

`:args'
     The list of types.

File: widget,  Node: editable-list,  Next: group,  Prev: checklist,  Up: Basic Types

The `editable-list' Widget
--------------------------

Syntax:

     TYPE ::= (editable-list [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]... TYPE)

   The value is a list, where each member represents one widget of type
TYPE.

   The following extra properties are recognized:

`:entry-format'
     This string will be inserted for each entry in the list.  The
     following `%' escapes are available:
    `%v'
          This will be replaced with the buffer representation of the
          TYPE widget.

    `%i'
          Insert the [INS] button.

    `%d'
          Insert the [DEL] button.

    `%%'
          Insert a literal `%'.

`:insert-button-args'
     A list of keyword arguments to pass to the insert buttons.

`:delete-button-args'
     A list of keyword arguments to pass to the delete buttons.

`:append-button-args'
     A list of keyword arguments to pass to the trailing insert button.

`:buttons'
     The widgets representing the insert and delete buttons.

`:children'
     The widgets representing the elements of the list.

`:args'
     List whose CAR is the type of the list elements.

File: widget,  Node: group,  Prev: editable-list,  Up: Basic Types

The `group' Widget
------------------

This widget simply group other widgets together.

   Syntax:

     TYPE ::= (group [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]... TYPE...)

   The value is a list, with one member for each TYPE.

File: widget,  Node: Sexp Types,  Next: Widget Properties,  Prev: Basic Types,  Up: Top

Sexp Types
==========

A number of widgets for editing "s-expressions" (Lisp types), sexp for
short, are also available.  These basically fall in several categories
described in this section.

* Menu:

* constants::
* generic::
* atoms::
* composite::

File: widget,  Node: constants,  Next: generic,  Prev: Sexp Types,  Up: Sexp Types

The Constant Widgets
--------------------

The `const' widget can contain any Lisp expression, but the user is
prohibited from editing it, which is mainly useful as a component of one
of the composite widgets.

   The syntax for the `const' widget is:

     TYPE ::= (const [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...  [ VALUE ])

   The VALUE, if present, is used to initialize the `:value' property
and can be any s-expression.

 -- Widget: const
     This will display any valid s-expression in an immutable part of
     the buffer.

   There are two variations of the `const' widget, namely
`variable-item' and `function-item'.  These should contain a symbol
with a variable or function binding.  The major difference from the
`const' widget is that they will allow the user to see the variable or
function documentation for the symbol.

 -- Widget: variable-item
     An immutable symbol that is bound as a variable.

 -- Widget: function-item
     An immutable symbol that is bound as a function.

File: widget,  Node: generic,  Next: atoms,  Prev: constants,  Up: Sexp Types

Generic Sexp Widget
-------------------

The `sexp' widget can contain any Lisp expression, and allows the user
to edit it inline in the buffer.

   The syntax for the `sexp' widget is:

     TYPE ::= (sexp [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...  [ VALUE ])

 -- Widget: sexp
     This will allow you to edit any valid s-expression in an editable
     buffer field.

     The `sexp' widget takes the same keyword arguments as the
     `editable-field' widget.  *Note editable-field::.

File: widget,  Node: atoms,  Next: composite,  Prev: generic,  Up: Sexp Types

Atomic Sexp Widgets
-------------------

The atoms are s-expressions that do not consist of other s-expressions.
For example, a string, a file name, or a symbol are atoms, while a list
is a composite type.  You can edit the value of an atom with the
following widgets.

   The syntax for all the atoms are:

     TYPE ::= (CONSTRUCT [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...  [ VALUE ])

   The VALUE, if present, is used to initialize the `:value' property
and must be an expression of the same type as the widget.  That is, the
string widget can only be initialized with a string.

   All the atom widgets take the same keyword arguments as the
`editable-field' widget.  *Note editable-field::.

 -- Widget: string
     Allows you to edit a string in an editable field.

 -- Widget: regexp
     Allows you to edit a regular expression in an editable field.

 -- Widget: character
     Allows you to enter a character in an editable field.

 -- Widget: file
     Allows you to edit a file name in an editable field.

     Keywords:
    `:must-match'
          If this is set to non-`nil', only existing file names will be
          allowed in the minibuffer.

 -- Widget: directory
     Allows you to edit a directory name in an editable field.  Similar
     to the `file' widget.

 -- Widget: symbol
     Allows you to edit a Lisp symbol in an editable field.

 -- Widget: function
     Allows you to edit a lambda expression, or a function name with
     completion.

 -- Widget: variable
     Allows you to edit a variable name, with completion.

 -- Widget: integer
     Allows you to edit an integer in an editable field.

 -- Widget: number
     Allows you to edit a number in an editable field.

 -- Widget: boolean
     Allows you to edit a boolean.  In Lisp this means a variable which
     is either `nil' meaning false, or non-`nil' meaning true.

File: widget,  Node: composite,  Prev: atoms,  Up: Sexp Types

Composite Sexp Widgets
----------------------

The syntax for the composite widget construct is:

     TYPE ::= (CONSTRUCT [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...  COMPONENT...)

where each COMPONENT must be a widget type.  Each component widget will
be displayed in the buffer, and will be editable by the user.

 -- Widget: cons
     The value of a `cons' widget must be a cons-cell whose CAR and CDR
     have two specified types.  It uses this syntax:

          TYPE ::= (cons [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...  CAR-TYPE CDR-TYPE)

 -- Widget: choice
     The value matched by a `choice' widget must have one of a fixed
     set of types.  The widget's syntax is as follows:

          TYPE ::= (choice [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...  TYPE ... )

     The value of a `choice' widget can be anything that matches any of
     the TYPES.

 -- Widget: list
     The value of a `list' widget must be a list whose element types
     match the specified component types:

          TYPE ::= (list [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...  COMPONENT-TYPE...)

     Thus, `(list string number)' matches lists of two elements, the
     first being a string and the second being a number.

 -- Widget: vector
     The `vector' widget is like the `list' widget but matches vectors
     instead of lists.  Thus, `(vector string number)' matches vectors
     of two elements, the first being a string and the second being a
     number.

   The above suffice for specifying fixed size lists and vectors.  To
get variable length lists and vectors, you can use a `choice', `set',
or `repeat' widget together with the `:inline' keyword.  If any
component of a composite widget has the `:inline' keyword set, its
value must be a list which will then be spliced into the composite.
For example, to specify a list whose first element must be a file name,
and whose remaining elements should either be the symbol `t' or two
strings (file names), you can use the following widget specification:

     (list file
           (choice (const t)
                   (list :inline t
                         :value ("foo" "bar")
                         string string)))

   The value of a widget of this type will either have the form `(file
t)' or `(file STRING STRING)'.

   This concept of `:inline' may be hard to understand.  It was
certainly hard to implement, so instead of confusing you more by trying
to explain it here, I'll just suggest you meditate over it for a while.

 -- Widget: set
     Specifies a type whose values are the lists whose elements all
     belong to a given set.  The order of elements of the list is not
     significant.  Here's the syntax:

          TYPE ::= (set [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...  PERMITTED-ELEMENT ... )

     Use `const' to specify each permitted element, like this: `(set
     (const a) (const b))'.

 -- Widget: repeat
     Specifies a list of any number of elements that fit a certain type.

          TYPE ::= (repeat [KEYWORD ARGUMENT]...  TYPE)

File: widget,  Node: Widget Properties,  Next: Defining New Widgets,  Prev: Sexp Types,  Up: Top

Properties
==========

You can examine or set the value of a widget by using the widget object
that was returned by `widget-create'.

 -- Function: widget-value widget
     Return the current value contained in WIDGET.  It is an error to
     call this function on an uninitialized widget.

 -- Function: widget-value-set widget value
     Set the value contained in WIDGET to VALUE.  It is an error to
     call this function with an invalid VALUE.

   *Important:* You _must_ call `widget-setup' after modifying the
value of a widget before the user is allowed to edit the widget again.
It is enough to call `widget-setup' once if you modify multiple
widgets.  This is currently only necessary if the widget contains an
editing field, but may be necessary for other widgets in the future.

   If your application needs to associate some information with the
widget objects, for example a reference to the item being edited, it
can be done with `widget-put' and `widget-get'.  The property names
must begin with a `:'.

 -- Function: widget-put widget property value
     In WIDGET set PROPERTY to VALUE.  PROPERTY should be a symbol,
     while VALUE can be anything.

 -- Function: widget-get widget property
     In WIDGET return the value for PROPERTY.  PROPERTY should be a
     symbol, the value is what was last set by `widget-put' for
     PROPERTY.

 -- Function: widget-member widget property
     Non-`nil' if WIDGET has a value (even `nil') for property PROPERTY.

   Occasionally it can be useful to know which kind of widget you have,
i.e. the name of the widget type you gave when the widget was created.

 -- Function: widget-type widget
     Return the name of WIDGET, a symbol.

   Widgets can be in two states: active, which means they are
modifiable by the user, or inactive, which means they cannot be
modified by the user.  You can query or set the state with the
following code:

     ;; Examine if WIDGET is active or not.
     (if (widget-apply WIDGET :active)
         (message "Widget is active.")
       (message "Widget is inactive.")

     ;; Make WIDGET inactive.
     (widget-apply WIDGET :deactivate)

     ;; Make WIDGET active.
     (widget-apply WIDGET :activate)

   A widget is inactive if it, or any of its ancestors (found by
following the `:parent' link), have been deactivated.  To make sure a
widget is really active, you must therefore activate both it and all
its ancestors.

     (while widget
       (widget-apply widget :activate)
       (setq widget (widget-get widget :parent)))

   You can check if a widget has been made inactive by examining the
value of the `:inactive' keyword.  If this is non-`nil', the widget
itself has been deactivated.  This is different from using the `:active'
keyword, in that the latter tells you if the widget *or* any of its
ancestors have been deactivated.  Do not attempt to set the `:inactive'
keyword directly.  Use the `:activate' `:deactivate' keywords instead.

File: widget,  Node: Defining New Widgets,  Next: Widget Browser,  Prev: Widget Properties,  Up: Top

Defining New Widgets
====================

You can define specialized widgets with `define-widget'.  It allows you
to create a shorthand for more complex widgets, including specifying
component widgets and new default values for the keyword arguments.

 -- Function: define-widget name class doc &rest args
     Define a new widget type named NAME from `class'.

     NAME and class should both be symbols, `class' should be one of
     the existing widget types.

     The third argument DOC is a documentation string for the widget.

     After the new widget has been defined, the following two calls will
     create identical widgets:

        *      (widget-create NAME)

        *      (apply widget-create CLASS ARGS)


   Using `define-widget' just stores the definition of the widget type
in the `widget-type' property of NAME, which is what `widget-create'
uses.

   If you only want to specify defaults for keywords with no complex
conversions, you can use `identity' as your conversion function.

   The following additional keyword arguments are useful when defining
new widgets:
`:convert-widget'
     Function to convert a widget type before creating a widget of that
     type.  It takes a widget type as an argument, and returns the
     converted widget type.  When a widget is created, this function is
     called for the widget type and all the widget's parent types, most
     derived first.

     The following predefined functions can be used here:

      -- Function: widget-types-convert-widget widget
          Convert `:args' as widget types in WIDGET.

      -- Function: widget-value-convert-widget widget
          Initialize `:value' from `:args' in WIDGET.

`:copy'
     Function to deep copy a widget type.  It takes a shallow copy of
     the widget type as an argument (made by `copy-sequence'), and
     returns a deep copy.  The purpose of this is to avoid having
     different instances of combined widgets share nested attributes.

     The following predefined functions can be used here:

      -- Function: widget-types-copy widget
          Copy `:args' as widget types in WIDGET.

`:value-to-internal'
     Function to convert the value to the internal format.  The function
     takes two arguments, a widget and an external value, and returns
     the internal value.  The function is called on the present `:value'
     when the widget is created, and on any value set later with
     `widget-value-set'.

`:value-to-external'
     Function to convert the value to the external format.  The function
     takes two arguments, a widget and an internal value, and returns
     the external value.  The function is called on the present `:value'
     when the widget is created, and on any value set later with
     `widget-value-set'.

`:create'
     Function to create a widget from scratch.  The function takes one
     argument, a widget type, and creates a widget of that type,
     inserts it in the buffer, and returns a widget object.

`:delete'
     Function to delete a widget.  The function takes one argument, a
     widget, and should remove all traces of the widget from the buffer.

     The default value is:

      -- Function: widget-default-delete widget
          Remove WIDGET from the buffer.  Delete all `:children' and
          `:buttons' in WIDGET.

     In most cases you should not change this value, but instead use
     `:value-delete' to make any additional cleanup.

`:value-create'
     Function to expand the `%v' escape in the format string.  It will
     be called with the widget as its argument and should insert a
     representation of the widget's value in the buffer.

     Nested widgets should be listed in `:children' or `:buttons' to
     make sure they are automatically deleted.

`:value-delete'
     Should remove the representation of the widget's value from the
     buffer.  It will be called with the widget as its argument.  It
     doesn't have to remove the text, but it should release markers and
     delete nested widgets if these are not listed in `:children' or
     `:buttons'.

`:value-get'
     Function to extract the value of a widget, as it is displayed in
     the buffer.

     The following predefined function can be used here:

      -- Function: widget-value-value-get widget
          Return the `:value' property of WIDGET.

`:format-handler'
     Function to handle unknown `%' escapes in the format string.  It
     will be called with the widget and the character that follows the
     `%' as arguments.  You can set this to allow your widget to handle
     non-standard escapes.

     You should end up calling `widget-default-format-handler' to handle
     unknown escape sequences, which will handle the `%h' and any future
     escape sequences, as well as give an error for unknown escapes.

`:action'
     Function to handle user initiated events.  By default, `:notify'
     the parent.

     The following predefined function can be used here:

      -- Function: widget-parent-action widget &optional event
          Tell `:parent' of WIDGET to handle the `:action'.  Optional
          EVENT is the event that triggered the action.

`:prompt-value'
     Function to prompt for a value in the minibuffer.  The function
     should take four arguments, WIDGET, PROMPT, VALUE, and UNBOUND and
     should return a value for widget entered by the user.  PROMPT is
     the prompt to use.  VALUE is the default value to use, unless
     UNBOUND is non-`nil', in which case there is no default value.
     The function should read the value using the method most natural
     for this widget, and does not have to check that it matches.

   If you want to define a new widget from scratch, use the `default'
widget as its base.

 -- Widget: default
     Widget used as a base for other widgets.

     It provides most of the functionality that is referred to as "by
     default" in this text.

File: widget,  Node: Widget Browser,  Next: Widget Minor Mode,  Prev: Defining New Widgets,  Up: Top

Widget Browser
==============

There is a separate package to browse widgets.  This is intended to help
programmers who want to examine the content of a widget.  The browser
shows the value of each keyword, but uses links for certain keywords
such as `:parent', which avoids printing cyclic structures.

 -- Command: widget-browse WIDGET
     Create a widget browser for WIDGET.  When called interactively,
     prompt for WIDGET.

 -- Command: widget-browse-other-window WIDGET
     Create a widget browser for WIDGET and show it in another window.
     When called interactively, prompt for WIDGET.

 -- Command: widget-browse-at POS
     Create a widget browser for the widget at POS.  When called
     interactively, use the position of point.

File: widget,  Node: Widget Minor Mode,  Next: Utilities,  Prev: Widget Browser,  Up: Top

Widget Minor Mode
=================

There is a minor mode for manipulating widgets in major modes that
don't provide any support for widgets themselves.  This is mostly
intended to be useful for programmers doing experiments.

 -- Command: widget-minor-mode
     Toggle minor mode for traversing widgets.  With arg, turn widget
     mode on if and only if arg is positive.

 -- Variable: widget-minor-mode-keymap
     Keymap used in `widget-minor-mode'.

File: widget,  Node: Utilities,  Next: Widget Wishlist,  Prev: Widget Minor Mode,  Up: Top

Utilities.
==========

 -- Function: widget-prompt-value widget prompt [ value unbound ]
     Prompt for a value matching WIDGET, using PROMPT.  The current
     value is assumed to be VALUE, unless UNBOUND is non-`nil'.

 -- Function: widget-get-sibling widget
     Get the item which WIDGET is assumed to toggle.  This is only
     meaningful for radio buttons or checkboxes in a list.

File: widget,  Node: Widget Wishlist,  Next: GNU Free Documentation License,  Prev: Utilities,  Up: Top

Wishlist
========

   * It should be possible to add or remove items from a list with `C-k'
     and `C-o' (suggested by RMS).

   * The `[INS]' and `[DEL]' buttons should be replaced by a single
     dash (`-').  The dash should be a button that, when invoked, asks
     whether you want to add or delete an item (RMS wanted to git rid of
     the ugly buttons, the dash is my idea).

   * The `menu-choice' tag should be prettier, something like the
     abbreviated menus in Open Look.

   * Finish `:tab-order'.

   * Make indentation work with glyphs and proportional fonts.

   * Add commands to show overview of object and class hierarchies to
     the browser.

   * Find a way to disable mouse highlight for inactive widgets.

   * Find a way to make glyphs look inactive.

   * Add `property-list' widget.

   * Add `association-list' widget.

   * Add `key-binding' widget.

   * Add `widget' widget for editing widget specifications.

   * Find clean way to implement variable length list.  See
     `TeX-printer-list' for an explanation.

   * `C-h' in `widget-prompt-value' should give type specific help.

   * Add a `mailto' widget.

File: widget,  Node: GNU Free Documentation License,  Next: Index,  Prev: Widget Wishlist,  Up: Top

Appendix A GNU Free Documentation License
*****************************************

                     Version 1.3, 3 November 2008

     Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002, 2007, 2008, 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
     `http://fsf.org/'

     Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
     of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

  0. PREAMBLE

     The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other
     functional and useful document "free" in the sense of freedom: to
     assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it,
     with or without modifying it, either commercially or
     noncommercially.  Secondarily, this License preserves for the
     author and publisher a way to get credit for their work, while not
     being considered responsible for modifications made by others.

     This License is a kind of "copyleft", which means that derivative
     works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense.
     It complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft
     license designed for free software.

     We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for
     free software, because free software needs free documentation: a
     free program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms
     that the software does.  But this License is not limited to
     software manuals; it can be used for any textual work, regardless
     of subject matter or whether it is published as a printed book.
     We recommend this License principally for works whose purpose is
     instruction or reference.

  1. APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONS

     This License applies to any manual or other work, in any medium,
     that contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it
     can be distributed under the terms of this License.  Such a notice
     grants a world-wide, royalty-free license, unlimited in duration,
     to use that work under the conditions stated herein.  The
     "Document", below, refers to any such manual or work.  Any member
     of the public is a licensee, and is addressed as "you".  You
     accept the license if you copy, modify or distribute the work in a
     way requiring permission under copyright law.

     A "Modified Version" of the Document means any work containing the
     Document or a portion of it, either copied verbatim, or with
     modifications and/or translated into another language.

     A "Secondary Section" is a named appendix or a front-matter section
     of the Document that deals exclusively with the relationship of the
     publishers or authors of the Document to the Document's overall
     subject (or to related matters) and contains nothing that could
     fall directly within that overall subject.  (Thus, if the Document
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     The "Invariant Sections" are certain Secondary Sections whose
     titles are designated, as being those of Invariant Sections, in
     the notice that says that the Document is released under this
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     The Document may contain zero Invariant Sections.  If the Document
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     The "Cover Texts" are certain short passages of text that are
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     Examples of suitable formats for Transparent copies include plain
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     The "Title Page" means, for a printed book, the title page itself,
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     material this License requires to appear in the title page.  For
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     The "publisher" means any person or entity that distributes copies
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     A section "Entitled XYZ" means a named subunit of the Document
     whose title either is precisely XYZ or contains XYZ in parentheses
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     To "Preserve the Title" of such a section when you modify the
     Document means that it remains a section "Entitled XYZ" according
     to this definition.

     The Document may include Warranty Disclaimers next to the notice
     which states that this License applies to the Document.  These
     Warranty Disclaimers are considered to be included by reference in
     this License, but only as regards disclaiming warranties: any other
     implication that these Warranty Disclaimers may have is void and
     has no effect on the meaning of this License.

  2. VERBATIM COPYING

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ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents
====================================================

To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of
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       Copyright (C)  YEAR  YOUR NAME.
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       with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover
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Texts, replace the "with...Texts." line with this:

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File: widget,  Node: Index,  Prev: GNU Free Documentation License,  Up: Top

Index
*****

This is an alphabetical listing of all concepts, functions, commands,
variables, and widgets described in this manual.

[index]
* Menu:

* action keyword:                        Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line 127)
* activate a widget:                     Widget Properties.   (line  46)
* active widget:                         Widget Properties.   (line  46)
* append-button-args keyword:            editable-list.       (line  37)
* args keyword <1>:                      editable-list.       (line  46)
* args keyword <2>:                      checklist.           (line  46)
* args keyword <3>:                      radio-button-choice. (line  42)
* args keyword:                          menu-choice.         (line  29)
* atomic sexp widget:                    atoms.               (line   6)
* basic widgets:                         Introduction.        (line  13)
* boolean:                               atoms.               (line  60)
* browse-url-browser-function, and url-link widget: url-link. (line  10)
* button widgets:                        User Interface.      (line  84)
* button-args keyword <1>:               checklist.           (line  36)
* button-args keyword:                   radio-button-choice. (line  29)
* button-face keyword:                   Basic Types.         (line  71)
* button-prefix keyword:                 Basic Types.         (line  74)
* button-suffix keyword:                 Basic Types.         (line  74)
* buttons keyword <1>:                   editable-list.       (line  40)
* buttons keyword <2>:                   checklist.           (line  40)
* buttons keyword:                       radio-button-choice. (line  33)
* case-fold keyword:                     menu-choice.         (line  18)
* character:                             atoms.               (line  29)
* checkbox widget:                       checkbox.            (line   6)
* checklist widget:                      checklist.           (line   6)
* children keyword <1>:                  editable-list.       (line  43)
* children keyword <2>:                  checklist.           (line  43)
* children keyword <3>:                  radio-button-choice. (line  36)
* children keyword:                      menu-choice.         (line  22)
* choice:                                composite.           (line  20)
* choice keyword <1>:                    radio-button-choice. (line  39)
* choice keyword:                        menu-choice.         (line  26)
* choice-item widget:                    choice-item.         (line   6)
* composite sexp widgets:                composite.           (line   6)
* cons:                                  composite.           (line  14)
* const:                                 constants.           (line  18)
* constant widgets:                      constants.           (line   6)
* convert-widget keyword:                Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line  35)
* copy keyword:                          Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line  50)
* create keyword:                        Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line  75)
* deactivate a widget:                   Widget Properties.   (line  46)
* default:                               Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line 150)
* define-widget:                         Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line  11)
* defining new widgets:                  Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line   6)
* delete keyword:                        Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line  80)
* delete-button-args keyword:            editable-list.       (line  34)
* directory:                             atoms.               (line  40)
* doc keyword:                           Basic Types.         (line  88)
* editable-field widget:                 editable-field.      (line   6)
* editable-list widget:                  editable-list.       (line   6)
* embedded buttons:                      User Interface.      (line 112)
* entry-format keyword <1>:              editable-list.       (line  15)
* entry-format keyword <2>:              checklist.           (line  17)
* entry-format keyword:                  radio-button-choice. (line  17)
* example of using widgets:              Programming Example. (line   6)
* extra-offset keyword:                  Basic Types.         (line 118)
* file:                                  atoms.               (line  32)
* follow-link keyword:                   Basic Types.         (line 106)
* format keyword:                        Basic Types.         (line  20)
* format-handler keyword:                Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line 117)
* function:                              atoms.               (line  47)
* function-item:                         constants.           (line  31)
* generic sexp widget:                   generic.             (line   6)
* greedy keyword:                        checklist.           (line  29)
* group widget:                          group.               (line   6)
* help-echo keyword:                     Basic Types.         (line  98)
* inactive widget:                       Widget Properties.   (line  46)
* indent keyword:                        Basic Types.         (line 110)
* info-link widget:                      info-link.           (line   6)
* insert-button-args keyword:            editable-list.       (line  31)
* integer:                               atoms.               (line  54)
* item widget:                           item.                (line   6)
* keymap keyword:                        editable-field.      (line  34)
* keyword arguments:                     Basic Types.         (line  15)
* link widget:                           link.                (line   6)
* list:                                  composite.           (line  29)
* match keyword:                         Basic Types.         (line 139)
* menu-choice widget:                    menu-choice.         (line   6)
* menu-tag keyword:                      Basic Types.         (line 129)
* menu-tag-get keyword:                  Basic Types.         (line 133)
* Mouse-2 (on button widgets):           User Interface.      (line  94)
* must-match keyword:                    atoms.               (line  35)
* new widgets:                           Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line   6)
* notify keyword:                        Basic Types.         (line 122)
* number:                                atoms.               (line  57)
* off-glyph keyword:                     toggle.              (line  24)
* offset keyword:                        Basic Types.         (line 114)
* on-glyph keyword:                      toggle.              (line  20)
* option field tag:                      User Interface.      (line 104)
* parent keyword:                        Basic Types.         (line 170)
* prompt-value keyword:                  Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line 137)
* properties of widgets:                 Widget Properties.   (line   6)
* push-button widget:                    push-button.         (line   6)
* radio-button-choice widget:            radio-button-choice. (line   6)
* regexp:                                atoms.               (line  26)
* repeat:                                composite.           (line  76)
* secret keyword:                        editable-field.      (line  24)
* set:                                   composite.           (line  66)
* sexp:                                  generic.             (line  14)
* sexp types:                            Sexp Types.          (line   6)
* sibling-args keyword:                  Basic Types.         (line 174)
* size keyword:                          editable-field.      (line  16)
* string:                                atoms.               (line  23)
* symbol:                                atoms.               (line  44)
* tab-order keyword:                     Basic Types.         (line 155)
* tag keyword:                           Basic Types.         (line  91)
* tag-glyph keyword:                     Basic Types.         (line  94)
* text widget:                           text.                (line   6)
* todo:                                  Widget Wishlist.     (line   6)
* toggle widget:                         toggle.              (line   6)
* url-link widget:                       url-link.            (line   6)
* utility functions for widgets:         Utilities.           (line   6)
* valid-regexp keyword:                  editable-field.      (line  29)
* validate keyword:                      Basic Types.         (line 144)
* value keyword:                         Basic Types.         (line  17)
* value-create keyword:                  Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line  93)
* value-delete keyword:                  Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line 101)
* value-face keyword:                    editable-field.      (line  20)
* value-get keyword:                     Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line 108)
* value-to-external keyword:             Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line  68)
* value-to-internal keyword:             Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line  61)
* variable:                              atoms.               (line  51)
* variable-item:                         constants.           (line  28)
* vector:                                composite.           (line  38)
* void keyword:                          menu-choice.         (line  14)
* widget browser:                        Widget Browser.      (line   6)
* widget buttons:                        User Interface.      (line  84)
* widget library, why use it:            Introduction.        (line  62)
* widget minor mode:                     Widget Minor Mode.   (line   6)
* widget properties:                     Widget Properties.   (line   6)
* widget-backward:                       User Interface.      (line 158)
* widget-browse:                         Widget Browser.      (line  12)
* widget-browse-at:                      Widget Browser.      (line  20)
* widget-browse-other-window:            Widget Browser.      (line  16)
* widget-button-click <1>:               Setting Up the Buffer.
                                                              (line  37)
* widget-button-click:                   User Interface.      (line  96)
* widget-button-face:                    User Interface.      (line 139)
* widget-button-prefix:                  Basic Types.         (line  32)
* widget-button-press <1>:               Setting Up the Buffer.
                                                              (line  37)
* widget-button-press:                   User Interface.      (line  90)
* widget-button-suffix:                  Basic Types.         (line  35)
* widget-children-validate:              Basic Types.         (line 153)
* widget-create:                         Setting Up the Buffer.
                                                              (line  12)
* widget-default-delete:                 Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line  87)
* widget-default-format-handler:         Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line 123)
* widget-delete:                         Setting Up the Buffer.
                                                              (line  19)
* widget-field-face:                     User Interface.      (line  79)
* widget-field-keymap:                   editable-field.      (line  34)
* widget-forward:                        User Interface.      (line 153)
* widget-get:                            Widget Properties.   (line  33)
* widget-get-sibling:                    Utilities.           (line  11)
* widget-global-map:                     Setting Up the Buffer.
                                                              (line  44)
* widget-glyph-directory:                Basic Types.         (line 182)
* widget-glyph-enable:                   Basic Types.         (line 187)
* widget-insert:                         Setting Up the Buffer.
                                                              (line  32)
* widget-keymap:                         Setting Up the Buffer.
                                                              (line  38)
* widget-link-prefix:                    link.                (line  16)
* widget-link-suffix:                    link.                (line  19)
* widget-member:                         Widget Properties.   (line  38)
* widget-minor-mode:                     Widget Minor Mode.   (line  11)
* widget-minor-mode-keymap:              Widget Minor Mode.   (line  15)
* widget-mouse-face:                     User Interface.      (line 142)
* widget-parent-action:                  Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line 134)
* widget-prompt-value:                   Utilities.           (line   7)
* widget-push-button-prefix:             push-button.         (line  16)
* widget-push-button-suffix:             push-button.         (line  19)
* widget-put:                            Widget Properties.   (line  29)
* widget-radio-add-item:                 radio-button-choice. (line  50)
* widget-setup:                          Setting Up the Buffer.
                                                              (line  22)
* widget-text-keymap:                    text.                (line   6)
* widget-type:                           Widget Properties.   (line  44)
* widget-types-convert-widget:           Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line  45)
* widget-types-copy:                     Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line  59)
* widget-value:                          Widget Properties.   (line  10)
* widget-value-convert-widget:           Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line  48)
* widget-value-set:                      Widget Properties.   (line  14)
* widget-value-value-get:                Defining New Widgets.
                                                              (line 115)
* widgets, basic types:                  Introduction.        (line  13)
* widgets, programming example:          Programming Example. (line   6)