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File: coreutils.info,  Node: who invocation,  Prev: users invocation,  Up: User information

20.6 `who': Print who is currently logged in
============================================

`who' prints information about users who are currently logged on.
Synopsis:

     `who' [OPTION] [FILE] [am i]

   If given no non-option arguments, `who' prints the following
information for each user currently logged on: login name, terminal
line, login time, and remote hostname or X display.

   If given one non-option argument, `who' uses that instead of a
default system-maintained file (often `/var/run/utmp' or
`/var/run/utmp') as the name of the file containing the record of users
logged on.  `/var/log/wtmp' is commonly given as an argument to `who'
to look at who has previously logged on.

   If given two non-option arguments, `who' prints only the entry for
the user running it (determined from its standard input), preceded by
the hostname.  Traditionally, the two arguments given are `am i', as in
`who am i'.

   Time stamps are listed according to the time zone rules specified by
the `TZ' environment variable, or by the system default rules if `TZ'
is not set.  *Note Specifying the Time Zone with `TZ': (libc)TZ
Variable.

   The program accepts the following options.  Also see *note Common
options::.

`-a'
`--all'
     Same as `-b -d --login -p -r -t -T -u'.

`-b'
`--boot'
     Print the date and time of last system boot.

`-d'
`--dead'
     Print information corresponding to dead processes.

`-H'
`--heading'
     Print a line of column headings.

`-l'
`--login'
     List only the entries that correspond to processes via which the
     system is waiting for a user to login.  The user name is always
     `LOGIN'.

`--lookup'
     Attempt to canonicalize hostnames found in utmp through a DNS
     lookup.  This is not the default because it can cause significant
     delays on systems with automatic dial-up internet access.

`-m'
     Same as `who am i'.

`-p'
`--process'
     List active processes spawned by init.

`-q'
`--count'
     Print only the login names and the number of users logged on.
     Overrides all other options.

`-r'
`--runlevel'
     Print the current (and maybe previous) run-level of the init
     process.

`-s'
     Ignored; for compatibility with other versions of `who'.

`-t'
`--time'
     Print last system clock change.

`-u'
     After the login time, print the number of hours and minutes that
     the user has been idle.  `.' means the user was active in the last
     minute.  `old' means the user has been idle for more than 24 hours.

`-w'
`-T'
`--mesg'
`--message'
`--writable'
     After each login name print a character indicating the user's
     message status:

          `+' allowing `write' messages
          `-' disallowing `write' messages
          `?' cannot find terminal device


   An exit status of zero indicates success, and a nonzero value
indicates failure.