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This manual describes PCL-CVS, the GNU Emacs front-end to CVS.  It is
nowhere near complete, so you are advised to use `M-x customize-group
RET pcl-cvs <RET>' and to look at the documentation strings of the
various commands and major modes for further information.

   Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999,
2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 Free
Software Foundation, Inc.

     Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this
     document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License,
     Version 1.3 or any later version published by the Free Software
     Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with the Front-Cover texts
     being "A GNU Manual", and with the Back-Cover Texts as in (a)
     below.  A copy of the license is included in the section entitled
     "GNU Free Documentation License".

     (a) The FSF's Back-Cover Text is: "You have the freedom to copy and
     modify this GNU manual.  Buying copies from the FSF supports it in
     developing GNU and promoting software freedom."

* Menu:

* About PCL-CVS::               Credits, history, ...

* Getting started::             An introduction with a walk-through example.
* Buffer contents::             An explanation of the buffer contents.
* Selected files::              To which files are commands applied.
* Commands::                    All commands, grouped by type.

* Log Edit Mode::               Major mode to edit log messages.
* Log View Mode::               Major mode to browse log changes.
* Customization::               How you can tailor PCL-CVS to suit your needs.
* Bugs::                        Bugs (known and unknown).

* GNU Free Documentation License:: The license for this documentation.
* Function and Variable Index::  List of functions and variables.
* Concept Index::               List of concepts.
* Key Index::                   List of keystrokes.

 --- The Detailed Node Listing ---


* Contributors::                Contributors to PCL-CVS.


* Entering PCL-CVS::            Commands to invoke PCL-CVS
* Setting flags::               Setting flags for CVS commands
* Updating the buffer::
* Movement commands::           How to move up and down in the buffer
* Marking files::               How to mark files that other commands
                                will later operate on.
* Committing changes::          Checking in your modifications to the
                                CVS repository.
* Editing files::               Loading files into Emacs.
* Getting info about files::    Display the log and status of files.
* Adding and removing files::   Adding and removing files
* Undoing changes::             Undoing changes
* Removing handled entries::    Uninteresting lines can easily be removed.
* Ignoring files::              Telling CVS to ignore generated files.
* Viewing differences::         Commands to `diff' different versions.
* Invoking Ediff::              Running `ediff' from `*cvs*' buffer.
* Updating files::              Updating files that Need-update.
* Tagging files::               Tagging files.
* Miscellaneous commands::      Miscellaneous commands.


* Customizing Faces::

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: About PCL-CVS,  Next: Getting started,  Prev: Top,  Up: Top

1 About PCL-CVS

PCL-CVS is a front-end to CVS versions 1.9 and later.  It concisely
shows the present status of a checked out module in an Emacs buffer and
provides single-key access to the most frequently used CVS commands.
For Emacs users accustomed to VC, PCL-CVS can be thought of as a
replacement for VC-dired (*note VC Directory Mode: (emacs)VC Directory
Mode.) specifically designed for CVS.

   PCL-CVS was originally written many years ago by Per Cederqvist who
proudly maintained it until January 1996, at which point he released the
beta version 2.0b2 and passed on the maintainership to Greg A Woods.
Development stayed mostly dormant for a few years during which version
2.0 never seemed to be able to leave the "beta" stage while a separate
XEmacs version was slowly splitting away.  In late 1998, Stefan Monnier
picked up development again, adding some major new functionality and
taking over the maintenance.

* Menu:

* Contributors::                Contributors to PCL-CVS.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Contributors,  Prev: About PCL-CVS,  Up: About PCL-CVS

1.1 Contributors to PCL-CVS

Contributions to the package are welcome.  I have limited time to work
on this project, but I will gladly add any code that you contribute to
me to this package (*note Bugs::).

   The following persons have made contributions to PCL-CVS.

   * Brian Berliner wrote CVS, together with some other contributors.
     Without his work on CVS this package would be useless...

   * Per Cederqvist wrote most of the otherwise unattributed functions
     in PCL-CVS as well as all the documentation.

   * Inge Wallin <> wrote the skeleton of
     `pcl-cvs.texi', and gave useful comments on it.  He also wrote the
     files `elib-node.el' and `compile-all.el'.  The file `cookie.el'
     was inspired by Inge.

   * Linus Tolke <> contributed useful comments on
     both the functionality and the documentation.

   * Jamie Zawinski <> contributed `pcl-cvs-lucid.el', which
     was later renamed to `pcl-cvs-xemacs.el'.

   * Leif Lonnblad contributed RCVS support (since superseded by the new
     remote CVS support).

   * Jim Blandy <> contributed hooks to automatically
     guess CVS log entries from `ChangeLog' contents, and initial
     support of the new Cygnus / Cyclic remote CVS, as well as various
     sundry bug fixes and cleanups.

   * Jim Kingdon <> contributed lots of fixes to the
     build and installation procedure.

   * Greg A. Woods <> contributed code to implement the
     use of per-file diff buffers, and vendor join diffs with emerge and
     ediff, as well as various and sundry bug fixes and cleanups.

   * Greg Klanderman <> implemented
     toggling of marked files, setting of CVS command flags via prefix
     arguments, updated the XEmacs support, updated the manual, and
     fixed numerous bugs.

   * Stefan Monnier <> added a slew of other features
     and introduced even more new bugs.  If there's any bug left, you
     can be sure it's his.

   * Masatake YAMATO <> made a gracious
     contribution of his cvstree code to display a tree of tags which
     was later superseded by the new `cvs-status-mode'.

   Apart from these, a lot of people have sent us suggestions, ideas,
requests, bug reports and encouragement.  Thanks a lot!  Without you
there would be no new releases of PCL-CVS.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Getting started,  Next: Buffer contents,  Prev: About PCL-CVS,  Up: Top

2 Getting started

This document assumes that you know what CVS is, and that you at least
know the fundamental concepts of CVS.  If that is not the case, you
should read the CVS documentation.  Type `info -f cvs' or `man cvs'.

   PCL-CVS is only useful once you have checked out a module.  So before
you invoke it, you must have a copy of a module somewhere in the file

   You can invoke PCL-CVS by typing `M-x cvs-examine <RET>'.  You can
also invoke it via the menu bar, under `Tools'.  Or, if you prefer, you
can also invoke PCL-CVS by simply visiting the CVS administrative
subdirectory of your module, with a prefix argument.  For example, to
invoke PCL-CVS in a separate frame, type `C-u C-x 5 f ~/my/project/CVS

   The function `cvs-examine' will ask for a directory.  The command
`cvs -n update' will be run in that directory.  (It should contain
files that have been checked out from a CVS archive.)  The output from
`cvs' will be parsed and presented in a table in a buffer called
`*cvs*'.  It might look something like this:

     Repository : /usr/CVSroot
     Module     : test
     Working dir: /users/ceder/FOO/test

     In directory .:
                Need-Update            bar
                Need-Update            file.txt
                Modified               namechange
                Need-Update            newer
     In directory sub:
                Modified               ChangeLog

     --------------------- End ---------------------
     -- last cmd: cvs -f -z6 -n update -d -P --

   In this example, your repository is in `/usr/CVSroot' and CVS has
been run in the directory `/users/ceder/FOO/test'.  The three files
(`bar', `file.txt' and `newer') that are marked with `Need-Update' have
been changed by someone else in the CVS repository.  Two files
(`namechange' and `sub/ChangeLog') have been modified locally, and need
to be checked in.

   You can move the cursor up and down in the buffer with `C-n' and
`C-p' or `n' and `p'.  If you press `c' on one of the `Modified' files,
that file will be checked in to the CVS repository. *Note Committing
changes::.  You can also press `O' to update any of the files that are
marked `Need-Update'.  You can also run `M-x cvs-update <RET>' (bound
to `M-u' in the `*cvs*' buffer) to update all the files.

   You can then press `=' to easily get a `diff' between your modified
file and the base version that you started from, or you can press `l'
to get the output from `cvs log'.  Many more such commands are
available simply by pressing a key (*note Getting info about files::).

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Buffer contents,  Next: Selected files,  Prev: Getting started,  Up: Top

3 Buffer contents

The display contains several columns, some of which are optional.
These columns are, from left to right:

   * Optionally, the head revision of the file.  This is the latest
     version found in the repository.  It might also contain (instead
     of the head revision) a sub status which typically gives further
     information about how we got to the current state, for example
     `patched', `merged', ...

   * An asterisk when the file is "marked" (*note Selected files::).

   * The actual status of the file wrt the repository.  See below.

   * Optionally, the base revision of the file.  This is the version
     which the copy in your working directory is based upon.

   * The file name.

   The `file status' field can have the following values:

     The file is modified in your working directory, and there was no
     modification to the same file in the repository.  This status can
     have the following substatus:

          The file was modified in your working directory, and there
          were modifications in the repository as well, but they were
          merged successfully, without conflict, in your working

     A conflict was detected while trying to merge your changes to FILE
     with changes from the repository.  FILE (the copy in your working
     directory) is now the output of the `rcsmerge' command on the two
     versions; an unmodified copy of your file is also in your working
     directory, with the name `.#FILE.VERSION', where VERSION is the
     RCS revision that your modified file started from.  *Note Viewing
     differences::, for more details.

     A conflict can also come from a disagreement on the existence of
     the file rather than on its content.  This case is indicated by
     the following possible substatus:

          The file is locally removed but a new revision has been
          committed to the repository by someone else.

          The file is locally added and has also been added to the
          repository by someone else.

          The file is locally modified but someone else has removed it
          from the repository.

     The file has been added by you, but it still needs to be checked
     in to the repository.

     The file has been removed by you, but it still needs to be checked
     in to the repository.  You can resurrect it by typing `a' (*note
     Adding and removing files::).

     A file that was detected in your directory, but that neither
     appears in the repository, nor is present on the list of files
     that CVS should ignore.

     The file is up to date with respect to the version in the
     repository.  This status can have a substatus of:

          You have just added the file to the repository.

          The file was brought up to date with respect to the
          repository.  This is done for any file that exists in the
          repository but not in your source, and for files that you
          haven't changed but are not the most recent versions
          available in the repository.

          The file was brought up to date with respect to the remote
          repository by way of fetching and applying a patch to the
          file in your source.  This is equivalent to `updated' except
          that CVS decided to use a hopefully more efficient method.

          You just committed the file.

     Either a newer version than the one in your source is available in
     the repository and you have not modified your checked out version,
     or the file exists in the repository but not in your source.  Use
     `cvs-mode-update' bound to `O' to update the file.

     You have modified the checked out version of the file, and a newer
     version is available in the repository.  A merge will take place
     when you run a `cvs-update'.

     The file has been unexpectedly removed from your working directory
     although it has not been `cvs remove'd.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Selected files,  Next: Commands,  Prev: Buffer contents,  Up: Top

4 Selected files

Many of the commands work on the current set of "selected" files which
can be either the set of marked files (if any file is marked and marks
are not ignored) or whichever file or directory the cursor is on.

   If a directory is selected but the command cannot be applied to a
directory, then it will be applied to the set of files under this
directory which are in the `*cvs*' buffer.

   Furthermore, each command only operates on a subset of the selected
files, depending on whether or not the command is "applicable" to each
file (based on the file's status).  For example, `cvs-mode-commit' is
not applicable to a file whose status is `Need-Update'.  If it should
happen that PCL-CVS guesses the applicability wrong, you can override
it with the special prefix `cvs-mode-force-command' normally bound to
`M-f' (and file a bug report).  The applicability rule can be slightly
changed with `cvs-allow-dir-commit' and `cvs-force-dir-tag'.

   By default, marks are always in effect (you may change this,
however, by setting the variable `cvs-default-ignore-marks') except for
the commands that `tag' or `diff' a file (which can be changed with the
variable `cvs-invert-ignore-marks').

   In addition, you may use the special prefix `cvs-mode-toggle-marks'
normally bound to <T> to toggle the use of marks for the following

   This scheme might seem a little complicated, but once one gets used
to it, it is quite powerful.

   For commands to mark and unmark files, see *note Marking files::.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Commands,  Next: Log Edit Mode,  Prev: Selected files,  Up: Top

5 Commands

The nodes in this menu contains explanations about all the commands that
you can use in PCL-CVS.  They are grouped together by type.

* Menu:

* Entering PCL-CVS::            Commands to invoke PCL-CVS
* Setting flags::               Setting flags for CVS commands
* Updating the buffer::
* Movement commands::           How to move up and down in the buffer
* Marking files::               How to mark files that other commands
                                will later operate on.
* Committing changes::          Checking in your modifications to the
                                CVS repository.
* Editing files::               Loading files into Emacs.
* Getting info about files::    Display the log and status of files.
* Adding and removing files::   Adding and removing files
* Undoing changes::             Undoing changes
* Removing handled entries::    Uninteresting lines can easily be removed.
* Ignoring files::              Telling CVS to ignore generated files.
* Viewing differences::         Commands to `diff' different versions.
* Invoking Ediff::              Running `ediff' from `*cvs*' buffer.
* Updating files::              Updating files that Need-update.
* Tagging files::               Tagging files.
* Miscellaneous commands::      Miscellaneous commands.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Entering PCL-CVS,  Next: Setting flags,  Prev: Commands,  Up: Commands

5.1 Entering PCL-CVS

Most commands in PCL-CVS require that you have a `*cvs*' buffer.  The
commands that you use to get one are listed below.  For each, a `cvs'
process will be run, the output will be parsed by PCL-CVS, and the
result will be printed in the `*cvs*' buffer (see *note Buffer
contents::, for a description of the buffer's contents).

`M-x cvs-update'
     Run a `cvs update' command.  You will be asked for the directory
     in which the `cvs update' will be run.

`M-x cvs-examine'
     Run a `cvs -n update' command.  This is identical to the previous
     command, except that it will only check what needs to be done but
     will not change anything.  You will be asked for the directory in
     which the `cvs -n update' will be run.

`M-x cvs-status'
     Run a `cvs status' command.  You will be asked for the directory
     in which the `cvs status' will be run.

`M-x cvs-checkout'
     Run a `cvs checkout' command.  You will be asked for the directory
     in which the `cvs update' will be run and the module to be checked

`M-x cvs-quickdir'
     Populate the `*cvs*' buffer by just looking at the `CVS/Entries'
     files.  This is very much like `cvs-examine' except that it does
     not access the CVS repository, which is a major advantage when the
     repository is far away.  But of course, it will not be able to
     detect when a file needs to be updated or merged.

   The first four of those commands are also reachable from the menu bar
under `Tools->PCL-CVS'.  Finally, an alternative way is to visit the
CVS administrative subdirectory in your work area with a simple prefix
argument.  For example `C-u C-x C-f ~/my/work/CVS <RET>'.  This by
default runs `cvs-quickdir' but the specific behavior can be changed
with `cvs-dired-action' and `cvs-dired-use-hook'.

   By default, the commands above will descend recursively into
subdirectories.  You can avoid that behavior by including `-l' in the
flags for the command.  These flags can be set by giving a prefix
argument to the command (e.g., by typing `C-u M-x cvs-update <RET> -l

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Setting flags,  Next: Updating the buffer,  Prev: Entering PCL-CVS,  Up: Commands

5.2 Setting flags for CVS commands

This section describes the convention used by nearly all PCL-CVS
commands for setting optional flags sent to CVS.  A single `C-u' prefix
argument is used to cause the command to prompt for flags to be used
for the current invocation of the command only.  Two `C-u' prefix
arguments are used to prompt for flags which will be set permanently,
for the current invocation and all that follow, until the flags are
changed, or unless temporary flags are set which override them.

   Perhaps an example or two is in order.  Say you are about to add a
binary file to the repository, and want to specify the flags `-kb' to
`cvs add'.  You can type `C-u a -kb <RET>', and the file will be added.
Subsequent `cvs add' commands will use the previously prevailing flags.

   As a second example, say you are about to perform a diff and want to
see the result in unified diff format, i.e. you'd like to pass the flag
`-u' to both `cvs diff' and `diff'.  You'd also like all subsequent
diffs to use this flag.  You can type `C-u C-u = -u <RET>' and the diff
will be performed, and the default flags will be set to `("-u")'.  You
can of course override this flag for a single diff by using a single
`C-u' prefix argument.

   In addition to this, some commands can take "special prefix"
arguments.  These work as follows: When called with a `C-u' prefix, the
user is prompted for a new value of the special prefix and the special
prefix is activated for the next command.  When called without the `C-u'
prefix, the special prefix is re-activated (with the same value as last
time) for the next command.  Calling the prefix command again when it's
already activated deactivates it.  Calling it with the `C-u C-u' prefix
activates it for all subsequent commands until you deactivate it
explicitly.  The special prefixes are:

     Toggles whether or not marks will be active in the next command.

     Provide the next command with a branch (can be any version
     specifier) to work on.

     Secondary branch argument.  Only meaningful if `b' is also used.
     It can be used to provide a second branch argument to
     `cvs-mode-diff' or to `cvs-mode-update'.

     Forces the next command to apply to every selected file rather
     than only to the ones PCL-CVS thinks are relevant.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Updating the buffer,  Next: Movement commands,  Prev: Setting flags,  Up: Commands

5.3 Updating the `*cvs*' buffer

The following commands can be used from within the `*cvs*' buffer to
update the display:

     Runs the command `cvs-update'.

     Runs the command `cvs-examine'.

     Runs the command `cvs-status'.

   In addition to the above commands which operate on the whole module,
you can run the equivalent CVS command on just a subset of the
files/directories with these keys:

     Runs `cvs-mode-update' on the selected files.  When run on the
     top-level directory, this is equivalent to `M-u'.

     Runs `cvs-mode-examine' on the selected files.  When run on the
     top-level directory, this is equivalent to `M-e'.

     Runs `cvs-mode-status' on the selected files.  When run on the
     top-level directory, this is equivalent to `M-s', except that CVS
     output will be shown in a `*cvs-info*' buffer that will be put in

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Movement commands,  Next: Marking files,  Prev: Updating the buffer,  Up: Commands

5.4 Movement Commands

You can use most normal Emacs commands to move forward and backward in
the buffer.  Some keys are rebound to functions that take advantage of
the fact that the buffer is a PCL-CVS buffer:

     These keys move the cursor one file forward, towards the end of the
     buffer (`cvs-mode-next-line').

     This key moves one file backward, towards the beginning of the
     buffer (`cvs-mode-previous-line').

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Marking files,  Next: Committing changes,  Prev: Movement commands,  Up: Commands

5.5 Marking files

PCL-CVS works on a set of "selected files" (*note Selected files::).
You can mark and unmark files with these commands:

     This marks the file that the cursor is positioned on.  If the
     cursor is positioned on a directory all files in that directory
     are marked (`cvs-mode-mark').

     Unmark the file that the cursor is positioned on. If the cursor is
     on a directory, all files in that directory are unmarked

     Mark _all_ files in the buffer (`cvs-mode-mark-all-files').

     Unmark _all_ files (`cvs-mode-unmark-all-files').

     Unmark the file on the previous line, and move point to that line

     Mark all files matching a regular expression

     Mark all files in a particular state, such as "Modified" or
     "Removed" (`cvs-mode-mark-on-state').

     Toggle use of marks for the next command (`cvs-mode-toggle-marks').

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Committing changes,  Next: Editing files,  Prev: Marking files,  Up: Commands

5.6 Committing changes

Committing changes basically works as follows:

  1. After having selected the files you want to commit, you type either
     `c' or `C' which brings up a special buffer `*cvs-commit*'.

  2. You type in the log message describing the changes you're about to
     commit (*note Log Edit Mode::).

  3. When you're happy with it, you type `C-c C-c' to do the actual

   There's no hidden state, so you can abort the process or pick it up
again at any time.

   The set of files actually committed is really decided only during the
very last step, which is a mixed blessing.  It allows you to go back and
change your mind about which files to commit, but it also means that you
might inadvertently change the set of selected files.  To reduce the
risk of error, `C-c C-c' will ask for confirmation if the set of
selected files has changed between the first step and the last.  You can
change this last detail with `log-edit-confirm'.

   As for the difference between `c' (i.e. `cvs-mode-commit') and `C'
(i.e. `cvs-mode-commit-setup') is that the first gets you straight to
`*cvs-commit*' without erasing it or changing anything to its content,
while the second first erases `*cvs-commit*' and tries to initialize it
with a sane default (it does that by either using a template provided
by the CVS administrator or by extracting a relevant log message from a
`ChangeLog' file).

   If you are editing the files in your Emacs, an automatic
`revert-buffer' will be performed.  (If the file contains `$Id$'
keywords, `cvs commit' will write a new file with the new values
substituted.  The auto-revert makes sure that you get them into your
buffer.)  The revert will not occur if you have modified your buffer,
or if `cvs-auto-revert' is set to `nil'.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Editing files,  Next: Getting info about files,  Prev: Committing changes,  Up: Commands

5.7 Editing files

There are currently three commands that can be used to find a file (that
is, load it into a buffer and start editing it there).  These commands
work on the line that the cursor is situated at.  They always ignore
any marked files.

     Find the file that the cursor points to (`cvs-mode-find-file').  If
     the cursor points to a directory, run `dired' on that directory;
     *note (emacs)Dired::.

     Like `f', but use another window

     Invoke `add-change-log-entry-other-window' to edit a `ChangeLog'
     file.  The `ChangeLog' file will be found in the directory of the
     file the cursor points to, or in a parent of that directory

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Getting info about files,  Next: Adding and removing files,  Prev: Editing files,  Up: Commands

5.8 Getting info about files

     Call the command `cvs-mode-log' which runs `cvs log' on all
     selected files, and show the result in a temporary buffer
     `*cvs-info*' (*note Log View Mode::).

     Call the command `cvs-mode-status' which runs `cvs status' on all
     selected files, and show the result in a temporary buffer

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Adding and removing files,  Next: Undoing changes,  Prev: Getting info about files,  Up: Commands

5.9 Adding and removing files

The following commands are available to make it easy to add files to
and remove them from the CVS repository.

     Add all selected files.  This command can be used on `Unknown'
     files (*note Buffer contents::).  The status of the file will
     change to `Added', and you will have to use `c' (`cvs-mode-commit'
     *note Committing changes::), to really add the file to the

     This command can also be used on `Removed' files (before you commit
     them) to resurrect them.

     The command that is run is `cvs-mode-add'.

     This command removes the selected files (after prompting for
     confirmation).  The files are deleted from your directory and
     (unless the status was `Unknown'; *note Buffer contents::) they
     will also be `cvs remove'd.  If the files' status was `Unknown'
     they will disappear from the buffer.  Otherwise their status will
     change to `Removed', and you must use `c' (`cvs-mode-commit',
     *note Committing changes::) to commit the removal.

     The command that is run is `cvs-mode-remove-file'.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Undoing changes,  Next: Removing handled entries,  Prev: Adding and removing files,  Up: Commands

5.10 Undoing changes

     If you have modified a file, and for some reason decide that you
     don't want to keep the changes, you can undo them with this
     command.  It works by removing your working copy of the file and
     then getting the latest version from the repository

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Removing handled entries,  Next: Ignoring files,  Prev: Undoing changes,  Up: Commands

5.11 Removing handled entries

     This command allows you to remove all entries that you have
     processed.  More specifically, the lines for `Up-to-date' files
     (*note Buffer contents::) are removed from the buffer.  If a
     directory becomes empty the heading for that directory is also
     removed.  This makes it easier to get an overview of what needs to
     be done.

     `x' invokes `cvs-mode-remove-handled'.  If
     `cvs-auto-remove-handled' is set to non-`nil', this will
     automatically be performed after every commit.

     This command can be used for lines that `cvs-mode-remove-handled'
     would not delete, but that you want to delete

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Ignoring files,  Next: Viewing differences,  Prev: Removing handled entries,  Up: Commands

5.12 Ignoring files

     Arrange so that CVS will ignore the selected files.  The file
     names are added to the `.cvsignore' file in the corresponding
     directory.  If the `.cvsignore' file doesn't exist, it will be

     The `.cvsignore' file should normally be added to the repository,
     but you could ignore it as well, if you like it better that way.

     This runs `cvs-mode-ignore'.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Viewing differences,  Next: Invoking Ediff,  Prev: Ignoring files,  Up: Commands

5.13 Viewing differences

`d ='
     Display a `cvs diff' between the selected files and the version
     that they are based on (`cvs-mode-diff').

`d b'
     If CVS finds a conflict while merging two versions of a file
     (during a `cvs update', *note Updating the buffer::) it will save
     the original file in a file called `.#FILE.VERSION' where FILE is
     the name of the file, and VERSION is the revision number that FILE
     was based on.

     With the `d b' command you can run a `diff' on the files
     `.#FILE.VERSION' and `FILE'.

`d h'
     Display a `cvs diff' between the selected files and the head
     revision (the most recent version on the current branch) in the
     repository (`cvs-mode-diff-head').

`d r'
     Display a `cvs diff' between the base revision of the selected
     files and the head revision in the repository.  This displays the
     changes anyone has committed to the repository since you last
     executed a checkout, update or commit operation

`d v'
     Display a `cvs diff' between the selected files and the head
     revision of the vendor branch in the repository

`d y'
     Display a `cvs diff' between the selected files and yesterday's
     head revision in the repository (`cvs-mode-diff-yesterday').

   By default, `diff' commands ignore the marks.  This can be changed
with `cvs-invert-ignore-marks'.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Invoking Ediff,  Next: Updating files,  Prev: Viewing differences,  Up: Commands

5.14 Running ediff

`d e'
     This uses `ediff' (or `emerge', depending on
     `cvs-idiff-imerge-handlers') to allow you to view diffs.  If a
     prefix argument is given, PCL-CVS will prompt for a revision
     against which the diff should be made, else the default will be to
     use the BASE revision.

`d E'
     This command use `ediff' (or `emerge', see above) to allow you to
     do an interactive 3-way merge.

     *Please note:*  when the file status is `Conflict', CVS has
     already performed a merge.  The resulting file is not used in any
     way if you use this command.  If you use the `q' command inside
     `ediff' (to successfully terminate a merge) the file that CVS
     created will be overwritten.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Updating files,  Next: Tagging files,  Prev: Invoking Ediff,  Up: Commands

5.15 Updating files

     Update all selected files with status `Need-update' by running
     `cvs update' on them (`cvs-mode-update').

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Tagging files,  Next: Miscellaneous commands,  Prev: Updating files,  Up: Commands

5.16 Tagging files

     Tag all selected files by running `cvs tag' on them
     (`cvs-mode-tag').  It's usually preferable to tag a directory at a
     time.  Rather than selecting all files (which too often doesn't
     select all files but only the few that are displayed), clear the
     selection with `M-DEL' (`cvs-mode-unmark-all-files'), position the
     cursor on the directory you want to tag and hit `t'.

   By default, `tag' commands ignore the marks.  This can be changed
with `cvs-invert-ignore-marks'.  Also, by default `tag' can only be
applied to directories, see `cvs-force-dir-tag' if you want to change
this behavior.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Miscellaneous commands,  Prev: Tagging files,  Up: Commands

5.17 Miscellaneous commands

`M-x cvs-mode-byte-compile-files'
     Byte compile all selected files that end in `.el'.

`M-x cvs-mode-delete-lock'
     This command deletes the lock files that the `*cvs*' buffer
     informs you about.  You should normally never have to use this
     command, since CVS tries very carefully to always remove the lock
     files itself.

     You can only use this command when a message in the `*cvs*' buffer
     tells you so.  You should wait a while before using this command
     in case someone else is running a `cvs' command.

     Also note that this only works if the repository is local.

     Show a summary of common command key bindings in the echo area

     Bury the PCL-CVS buffer (`cvs-bury-buffer').

`M-x cvs-mode-quit'
     Quit PCL-CVS, killing the `*cvs*' buffer.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Log Edit Mode,  Next: Log View Mode,  Prev: Commands,  Up: Top

6 Editing a Log Message

Buffers for entering/editing log messages for changes which are about
to be committed are put into Log Edit mode.

   Sometimes the log buffer contains default text when you enter it,
typically the last log message entered.  If it does, mark and point are
set around the entire contents of the buffer so that it is easy to kill
the contents of the buffer with `C-w'.

   If you work by writing entries in the `ChangeLog' (*note
(emacs)Change Log::) and then commit the change under revision control,
you can generate the Log Edit text from the ChangeLog using `C-c C-a'
(`log-edit-insert-changelog').  This looks for entries for the file(s)
concerned in the top entry in the ChangeLog and uses those paragraphs
as the log text.  This text is only inserted if the top entry was made
under your user name on the current date.  *Note (emacs)Change Logs and
VC::, for the opposite way of working--generating ChangeLog entries
from the revision control log.

   In the Log Edit buffer, `C-c C-f' (`M-x log-edit-show-files') shows
the list of files to be committed in case you need to check that.

   When you have finished editing the log message, type `C-c C-c' to
exit the buffer and commit the change.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Log View Mode,  Next: Customization,  Prev: Log Edit Mode,  Up: Top

7 Browsing a Log of Changes

Log View mode provides a few useful commands for navigating revision
control log output.  It is used for the output buffers of both
`cvs-mode-log' and `vc-print-log'.

   In this mode, `n' goes to the next message and `p' goes to the
previous message and `N' and `P' go to the next and previous files,
respectively, in multi-file output.  With a numeric prefix argument,
these commands move that many messages of files.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Customization,  Next: Bugs,  Prev: Log View Mode,  Up: Top

8 Customization

If you have an idea about any customization that would be handy but
isn't present in this list, please tell us!  For info on how to reach
us, see *note Bugs::.

     If this variable is set to any non-`nil' value,
     `cvs-mode-remove-handled' will be called every time you check in
     files, after the check-in is ready.  *Note Removing handled

     If this variable is set to any non-`nil' value, directories that do
     not contain any files to be checked in will not be listed in the
     `*cvs*' buffer.

     If this variable is set to any non-`nil' value any buffers you have
     that visit a file that is committed will be automatically reverted.
     This variable defaults to `t'. *Note Committing changes::.

     The `-u' flag in the `modules' file can be used to run a command
     whenever a `cvs update' is performed (see `cvs(5)').  This regexp
     is used to search for the last line in that output.  It is
     normally set to `$'.  That setting is only correct if the command
     outputs nothing.  Note that PCL-CVS will get very confused if the
     command outputs _anything_ to `stderr'.

     This variable can be set to override `CVSROOT'.  It should be a
     string.  If it is set, then every time a `cvs' command is run, it
     will be called as `cvs -d CVS-CVSROOT...'.  This can be useful if
     your site has several repositories.

     When you enter a log message by typing into the
     `*cvs-commit-message*' buffer, PCL-CVS normally automatically
     inserts a trailing newline, unless there already is one.  This
     behavior can be controlled via
     `cvs-commit-buffer-require-final-newline'.  If it is `t' (the
     default behavior), a newline will always be appended.  If it is
     `nil', newlines will never be appended.  Any other value causes
     PCL-CVS to ask the user whenever there is no trailing newline in
     the commit message buffer.

     If this variable is non-`nil', include full `ChangeLog' paragraphs
     in the CVS log created by `cvs-mode-changelog-commit'.  This may
     be set in the local variables section of a `ChangeLog' file, to
     indicate the policy for that `ChangeLog'.

     A "`ChangeLog' paragraph" is a bunch of log text containing no
     blank lines; a paragraph usually describes a set of changes with a
     single purpose, but perhaps spanning several functions in several
     files.  Changes in different paragraphs are unrelated.

     You could argue that the CVS log entry for a file should contain
     the full `ChangeLog' paragraph mentioning the change to the file,
     even though it may mention other files, because that gives you the
     full context you need to understand the change.  This is the
     behavior you get when this variable is set to `t', the default.

     On the other hand, you could argue that the CVS log entry for a
     change should contain only the text for the changes which occurred
     in that file, because the CVS log is per-file.  This is the
     behavior you get when this variable is set to `nil'.

     If this variable is set to any non-`nil' value, the `.cvsignore'
     file will always be sorted whenever you use `cvs-mode-ignore' to
     add a file to it.  This option is on by default.

* Menu:

* Customizing Faces::

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Customizing Faces,  Prev: Customization,  Up: Customization

8.1 Customizing Faces

PCL-CVS adds a few extra features, including menus, mouse bindings, and
fontification of the `*cvs*' buffer.  The faces defined for
fontification are listed below:

     used to highlight directory changes.

     Used to highlight file names.

     Used to highlight the status of files which are `Unknown'.

     Used to highlight the status of files which are handled and need
     no further action.

     Used to highlight the status of files which still need action.

     Used to highlight the marked file indicator (`*').

     Used to highlight CVS messages.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Bugs,  Next: GNU Free Documentation License,  Prev: Customization,  Up: Top

9 Bugs (known and unknown)

If you find a bug or misfeature, don't hesitate to tell us!  Send email
to <> which is gatewayed to the newsgroup
`gnu.emacs.bugs'.  Feature requests should also be sent there.  We
prefer discussing one thing at a time.  If you find several unrelated
bugs, please report them separately.  If you are running PCL-CVS under
XEmacs, you should also send a copy of bug reports to

   If you have problems using PCL-CVS or other questions, send them to
<>, which is gatewayed to the `'
newsgroup.  This is a good place to get help, as is <>,
gatewayed to `'.

   If you have ideas for improvements, or if you have written some
extensions to this package, we would like to hear from you.  We hope
that you find this package useful!

   Below is a partial list of currently known problems with PCL-CVS.

Unexpected output from CVS
     Unexpected output from CVS may confuse PCL-CVS.  It will create
     warning messages in the `*cvs*' buffer alerting you to any parse
     errors.  If you get these messages, please send a bug report to
     the email addresses listed above.  Include the contents of the
     `*cvs*' buffer, the output of the CVS process (which should be
     found in the ` *cvs-tmp*' buffer), and the versions of Emacs,
     PCL-CVS and CVS you are using.

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: GNU Free Documentation License,  Next: Function and Variable Index,  Prev: Bugs,  Up: Top

Appendix A GNU Free Documentation License

                     Version 1.3, 3 November 2008

     Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002, 2007, 2008, 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

     Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
     of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.


     The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other
     functional and useful document "free" in the sense of freedom: to
     assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it,
     with or without modifying it, either commercially or
     noncommercially.  Secondarily, this License preserves for the
     author and publisher a way to get credit for their work, while not
     being considered responsible for modifications made by others.

     This License is a kind of "copyleft", which means that derivative
     works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense.
     It complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft
     license designed for free software.

     We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for
     free software, because free software needs free documentation: a
     free program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms
     that the software does.  But this License is not limited to
     software manuals; it can be used for any textual work, regardless
     of subject matter or whether it is published as a printed book.
     We recommend this License principally for works whose purpose is
     instruction or reference.


     This License applies to any manual or other work, in any medium,
     that contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it
     can be distributed under the terms of this License.  Such a notice
     grants a world-wide, royalty-free license, unlimited in duration,
     to use that work under the conditions stated herein.  The
     "Document", below, refers to any such manual or work.  Any member
     of the public is a licensee, and is addressed as "you".  You
     accept the license if you copy, modify or distribute the work in a
     way requiring permission under copyright law.

     A "Modified Version" of the Document means any work containing the
     Document or a portion of it, either copied verbatim, or with
     modifications and/or translated into another language.

     A "Secondary Section" is a named appendix or a front-matter section
     of the Document that deals exclusively with the relationship of the
     publishers or authors of the Document to the Document's overall
     subject (or to related matters) and contains nothing that could
     fall directly within that overall subject.  (Thus, if the Document
     is in part a textbook of mathematics, a Secondary Section may not
     explain any mathematics.)  The relationship could be a matter of
     historical connection with the subject or with related matters, or
     of legal, commercial, philosophical, ethical or political position
     regarding them.

     The "Invariant Sections" are certain Secondary Sections whose
     titles are designated, as being those of Invariant Sections, in
     the notice that says that the Document is released under this
     License.  If a section does not fit the above definition of
     Secondary then it is not allowed to be designated as Invariant.
     The Document may contain zero Invariant Sections.  If the Document
     does not identify any Invariant Sections then there are none.

     The "Cover Texts" are certain short passages of text that are
     listed, as Front-Cover Texts or Back-Cover Texts, in the notice
     that says that the Document is released under this License.  A
     Front-Cover Text may be at most 5 words, and a Back-Cover Text may
     be at most 25 words.

     A "Transparent" copy of the Document means a machine-readable copy,
     represented in a format whose specification is available to the
     general public, that is suitable for revising the document
     straightforwardly with generic text editors or (for images
     composed of pixels) generic paint programs or (for drawings) some
     widely available drawing editor, and that is suitable for input to
     text formatters or for automatic translation to a variety of
     formats suitable for input to text formatters.  A copy made in an
     otherwise Transparent file format whose markup, or absence of
     markup, has been arranged to thwart or discourage subsequent
     modification by readers is not Transparent.  An image format is
     not Transparent if used for any substantial amount of text.  A
     copy that is not "Transparent" is called "Opaque".

     Examples of suitable formats for Transparent copies include plain
     ASCII without markup, Texinfo input format, LaTeX input format,
     SGML or XML using a publicly available DTD, and
     standard-conforming simple HTML, PostScript or PDF designed for
     human modification.  Examples of transparent image formats include
     PNG, XCF and JPG.  Opaque formats include proprietary formats that
     can be read and edited only by proprietary word processors, SGML or
     XML for which the DTD and/or processing tools are not generally
     available, and the machine-generated HTML, PostScript or PDF
     produced by some word processors for output purposes only.

     The "Title Page" means, for a printed book, the title page itself,
     plus such following pages as are needed to hold, legibly, the
     material this License requires to appear in the title page.  For
     works in formats which do not have any title page as such, "Title
     Page" means the text near the most prominent appearance of the
     work's title, preceding the beginning of the body of the text.

     The "publisher" means any person or entity that distributes copies
     of the Document to the public.

     A section "Entitled XYZ" means a named subunit of the Document
     whose title either is precisely XYZ or contains XYZ in parentheses
     following text that translates XYZ in another language.  (Here XYZ
     stands for a specific section name mentioned below, such as
     "Acknowledgements", "Dedications", "Endorsements", or "History".)
     To "Preserve the Title" of such a section when you modify the
     Document means that it remains a section "Entitled XYZ" according
     to this definition.

     The Document may include Warranty Disclaimers next to the notice
     which states that this License applies to the Document.  These
     Warranty Disclaimers are considered to be included by reference in
     this License, but only as regards disclaiming warranties: any other
     implication that these Warranty Disclaimers may have is void and
     has no effect on the meaning of this License.


     You may copy and distribute the Document in any medium, either
     commercially or noncommercially, provided that this License, the
     copyright notices, and the license notice saying this License
     applies to the Document are reproduced in all copies, and that you
     add no other conditions whatsoever to those of this License.  You
     may not use technical measures to obstruct or control the reading
     or further copying of the copies you make or distribute.  However,
     you may accept compensation in exchange for copies.  If you
     distribute a large enough number of copies you must also follow
     the conditions in section 3.

     You may also lend copies, under the same conditions stated above,
     and you may publicly display copies.


     If you publish printed copies (or copies in media that commonly
     have printed covers) of the Document, numbering more than 100, and
     the Document's license notice requires Cover Texts, you must
     enclose the copies in covers that carry, clearly and legibly, all
     these Cover Texts: Front-Cover Texts on the front cover, and
     Back-Cover Texts on the back cover.  Both covers must also clearly
     and legibly identify you as the publisher of these copies.  The
     front cover must present the full title with all words of the
     title equally prominent and visible.  You may add other material
     on the covers in addition.  Copying with changes limited to the
     covers, as long as they preserve the title of the Document and
     satisfy these conditions, can be treated as verbatim copying in
     other respects.

     If the required texts for either cover are too voluminous to fit
     legibly, you should put the first ones listed (as many as fit
     reasonably) on the actual cover, and continue the rest onto
     adjacent pages.

     If you publish or distribute Opaque copies of the Document
     numbering more than 100, you must either include a
     machine-readable Transparent copy along with each Opaque copy, or
     state in or with each Opaque copy a computer-network location from
     which the general network-using public has access to download
     using public-standard network protocols a complete Transparent
     copy of the Document, free of added material.  If you use the
     latter option, you must take reasonably prudent steps, when you
     begin distribution of Opaque copies in quantity, to ensure that
     this Transparent copy will remain thus accessible at the stated
     location until at least one year after the last time you
     distribute an Opaque copy (directly or through your agents or
     retailers) of that edition to the public.

     It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of
     the Document well before redistributing any large number of
     copies, to give them a chance to provide you with an updated
     version of the Document.


     You may copy and distribute a Modified Version of the Document
     under the conditions of sections 2 and 3 above, provided that you
     release the Modified Version under precisely this License, with
     the Modified Version filling the role of the Document, thus
     licensing distribution and modification of the Modified Version to
     whoever possesses a copy of it.  In addition, you must do these
     things in the Modified Version:

       A. Use in the Title Page (and on the covers, if any) a title
          distinct from that of the Document, and from those of
          previous versions (which should, if there were any, be listed
          in the History section of the Document).  You may use the
          same title as a previous version if the original publisher of
          that version gives permission.

       B. List on the Title Page, as authors, one or more persons or
          entities responsible for authorship of the modifications in
          the Modified Version, together with at least five of the
          principal authors of the Document (all of its principal
          authors, if it has fewer than five), unless they release you
          from this requirement.

       C. State on the Title page the name of the publisher of the
          Modified Version, as the publisher.

       D. Preserve all the copyright notices of the Document.

       E. Add an appropriate copyright notice for your modifications
          adjacent to the other copyright notices.

       F. Include, immediately after the copyright notices, a license
          notice giving the public permission to use the Modified
          Version under the terms of this License, in the form shown in
          the Addendum below.

       G. Preserve in that license notice the full lists of Invariant
          Sections and required Cover Texts given in the Document's
          license notice.

       H. Include an unaltered copy of this License.

       I. Preserve the section Entitled "History", Preserve its Title,
          and add to it an item stating at least the title, year, new
          authors, and publisher of the Modified Version as given on
          the Title Page.  If there is no section Entitled "History" in
          the Document, create one stating the title, year, authors,
          and publisher of the Document as given on its Title Page,
          then add an item describing the Modified Version as stated in
          the previous sentence.

       J. Preserve the network location, if any, given in the Document
          for public access to a Transparent copy of the Document, and
          likewise the network locations given in the Document for
          previous versions it was based on.  These may be placed in
          the "History" section.  You may omit a network location for a
          work that was published at least four years before the
          Document itself, or if the original publisher of the version
          it refers to gives permission.

       K. For any section Entitled "Acknowledgements" or "Dedications",
          Preserve the Title of the section, and preserve in the
          section all the substance and tone of each of the contributor
          acknowledgements and/or dedications given therein.

       L. Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document,
          unaltered in their text and in their titles.  Section numbers
          or the equivalent are not considered part of the section

       M. Delete any section Entitled "Endorsements".  Such a section
          may not be included in the Modified Version.

       N. Do not retitle any existing section to be Entitled
          "Endorsements" or to conflict in title with any Invariant

       O. Preserve any Warranty Disclaimers.

     If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or
     appendices that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no
     material copied from the Document, you may at your option
     designate some or all of these sections as invariant.  To do this,
     add their titles to the list of Invariant Sections in the Modified
     Version's license notice.  These titles must be distinct from any
     other section titles.

     You may add a section Entitled "Endorsements", provided it contains
     nothing but endorsements of your Modified Version by various
     parties--for example, statements of peer review or that the text
     has been approved by an organization as the authoritative
     definition of a standard.

     You may add a passage of up to five words as a Front-Cover Text,
     and a passage of up to 25 words as a Back-Cover Text, to the end
     of the list of Cover Texts in the Modified Version.  Only one
     passage of Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be
     added by (or through arrangements made by) any one entity.  If the
     Document already includes a cover text for the same cover,
     previously added by you or by arrangement made by the same entity
     you are acting on behalf of, you may not add another; but you may
     replace the old one, on explicit permission from the previous
     publisher that added the old one.

     The author(s) and publisher(s) of the Document do not by this
     License give permission to use their names for publicity for or to
     assert or imply endorsement of any Modified Version.


     You may combine the Document with other documents released under
     this License, under the terms defined in section 4 above for
     modified versions, provided that you include in the combination
     all of the Invariant Sections of all of the original documents,
     unmodified, and list them all as Invariant Sections of your
     combined work in its license notice, and that you preserve all
     their Warranty Disclaimers.

     The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and
     multiple identical Invariant Sections may be replaced with a single
     copy.  If there are multiple Invariant Sections with the same name
     but different contents, make the title of each such section unique
     by adding at the end of it, in parentheses, the name of the
     original author or publisher of that section if known, or else a
     unique number.  Make the same adjustment to the section titles in
     the list of Invariant Sections in the license notice of the
     combined work.

     In the combination, you must combine any sections Entitled
     "History" in the various original documents, forming one section
     Entitled "History"; likewise combine any sections Entitled
     "Acknowledgements", and any sections Entitled "Dedications".  You
     must delete all sections Entitled "Endorsements."


     You may make a collection consisting of the Document and other
     documents released under this License, and replace the individual
     copies of this License in the various documents with a single copy
     that is included in the collection, provided that you follow the
     rules of this License for verbatim copying of each of the
     documents in all other respects.

     You may extract a single document from such a collection, and
     distribute it individually under this License, provided you insert
     a copy of this License into the extracted document, and follow
     this License in all other respects regarding verbatim copying of
     that document.


     A compilation of the Document or its derivatives with other
     separate and independent documents or works, in or on a volume of
     a storage or distribution medium, is called an "aggregate" if the
     copyright resulting from the compilation is not used to limit the
     legal rights of the compilation's users beyond what the individual
     works permit.  When the Document is included in an aggregate, this
     License does not apply to the other works in the aggregate which
     are not themselves derivative works of the Document.

     If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these
     copies of the Document, then if the Document is less than one half
     of the entire aggregate, the Document's Cover Texts may be placed
     on covers that bracket the Document within the aggregate, or the
     electronic equivalent of covers if the Document is in electronic
     form.  Otherwise they must appear on printed covers that bracket
     the whole aggregate.


     Translation is considered a kind of modification, so you may
     distribute translations of the Document under the terms of section
     4.  Replacing Invariant Sections with translations requires special
     permission from their copyright holders, but you may include
     translations of some or all Invariant Sections in addition to the
     original versions of these Invariant Sections.  You may include a
     translation of this License, and all the license notices in the
     Document, and any Warranty Disclaimers, provided that you also
     include the original English version of this License and the
     original versions of those notices and disclaimers.  In case of a
     disagreement between the translation and the original version of
     this License or a notice or disclaimer, the original version will

     If a section in the Document is Entitled "Acknowledgements",
     "Dedications", or "History", the requirement (section 4) to
     Preserve its Title (section 1) will typically require changing the
     actual title.


     You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document
     except as expressly provided under this License.  Any attempt
     otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute it is void,
     and will automatically terminate your rights under this License.

     However, if you cease all violation of this License, then your
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File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Function and Variable Index,  Next: Concept Index,  Prev: GNU Free Documentation License,  Up: Top

Function and Variable Index

This is an index of all the functions and variables documented in this

* Menu:

* cvs-allow-dir-commit:                  Selected files.       (line 14)
* cvs-auto-remove-directories (variable): Customization.       (line  6)
* cvs-auto-remove-handled (variable):    Customization.        (line  6)
* cvs-auto-revert (variable) <1>:        Customization.        (line  6)
* cvs-auto-revert (variable):            Committing changes.   (line  6)
* cvs-bury-buffer:                       Miscellaneous commands.
                                                               (line  6)
* cvs-checkout:                          Entering PCL-CVS.     (line  6)
* cvs-cvsroot (variable):                Customization.        (line  6)
* cvs-dired-action:                      Entering PCL-CVS.     (line 38)
* cvs-dired-use-hook:                    Entering PCL-CVS.     (line 38)
* cvs-examine <1>:                       Updating the buffer.  (line  6)
* cvs-examine:                           Entering PCL-CVS.     (line  6)
* cvs-filename (face):                   Customizing Faces.    (line  6)
* cvs-force-dir-tag (variable):          Tagging files.        (line  6)
* cvs-handled (face):                    Customizing Faces.    (line  6)
* cvs-header (face):                     Customizing Faces.    (line  6)
* cvs-help:                              Miscellaneous commands.
                                                               (line  6)
* cvs-idiff-imerge-handlers (variable):  Invoking Ediff.       (line  6)
* cvs-invert-ignore-marks (variable) <1>: Tagging files.       (line  6)
* cvs-invert-ignore-marks (variable):    Viewing differences.  (line  6)
* cvs-marked (face):                     Customizing Faces.    (line  6)
* cvs-mode-acknowledge:                  Removing handled entries.
                                                               (line  6)
* cvs-mode-add:                          Adding and removing files.
                                                               (line  6)
* cvs-mode-add-change-log-entry-other-window: Editing files.   (line  6)
* cvs-mode-byte-compile-files:           Miscellaneous commands.
                                                               (line  6)
* cvs-mode-changelog-commit:             Customization.        (line 51)
* cvs-mode-commit:                       Committing changes.   (line  6)
* cvs-mode-commit-setup:                 Committing changes.   (line  6)
* cvs-mode-delete-lock:                  Miscellaneous commands.
                                                               (line  6)
* cvs-mode-diff:                         Viewing differences.  (line  6)
* cvs-mode-diff-backup:                  Viewing differences.  (line  6)
* cvs-mode-diff-head:                    Viewing differences.  (line  6)
* cvs-mode-diff-repository:              Viewing differences.  (line  6)
* cvs-mode-diff-vendor:                  Viewing differences.  (line  6)
* cvs-mode-diff-yesterday:               Viewing differences.  (line  6)
* cvs-mode-examine:                      Updating the buffer.  (line  6)
* cvs-mode-find-file:                    Editing files.        (line  6)
* cvs-mode-find-file-other-window:       Editing files.        (line  6)
* cvs-mode-force-command:                Selected files.       (line 14)
* cvs-mode-idiff:                        Invoking Ediff.       (line  6)
* cvs-mode-ignore <1>:                   Ignoring files.       (line  6)
* cvs-mode-ignore:                       Removing handled entries.
                                                               (line  6)
* cvs-mode-ignore, and .cvsignore sorting: Customization.      (line 73)
* cvs-mode-imerge:                       Invoking Ediff.       (line  6)
* cvs-mode-log <1>:                      Log View Mode.        (line  6)
* cvs-mode-log:                          Getting info about files.
                                                               (line  6)
* cvs-mode-mark:                         Marking files.        (line  6)
* cvs-mode-mark-all-files:               Marking files.        (line  6)
* cvs-mode-mark-matching-files:          Marking files.        (line  6)
* cvs-mode-mark-on-state:                Marking files.        (line  6)
* cvs-mode-next-line:                    Movement commands.    (line  6)
* cvs-mode-previous-line:                Movement commands.    (line  6)
* cvs-mode-quit:                         Miscellaneous commands.
                                                               (line  6)
* cvs-mode-remove-file:                  Adding and removing files.
                                                               (line  6)
* cvs-mode-remove-handled:               Removing handled entries.
                                                               (line  6)
* cvs-mode-remove-handled (variable):    Removing handled entries.
                                                               (line 14)
* cvs-mode-status <1>:                   Getting info about files.
                                                               (line  6)
* cvs-mode-status:                       Updating the buffer.  (line  6)
* cvs-mode-tag:                          Tagging files.        (line  6)
* cvs-mode-toggle-marks:                 Marking files.        (line  6)
* cvs-mode-undo-local-changes:           Undoing changes.      (line  6)
* cvs-mode-unmark:                       Marking files.        (line  6)
* cvs-mode-unmark-all-files:             Marking files.        (line  6)
* cvs-mode-unmark-up:                    Marking files.        (line  6)
* cvs-mode-untag:                        Tagging files.        (line  6)
* cvs-mode-update <1>:                   Updating files.       (line  6)
* cvs-mode-update:                       Updating the buffer.  (line  6)
* cvs-msg (face):                        Customizing Faces.    (line  6)
* cvs-need-action (face):                Customizing Faces.    (line  6)
* cvs-quickdir:                          Entering PCL-CVS.     (line  6)
* cvs-rtag:                              Tagging files.        (line  6)
* cvs-sort-ignore-file (variable):       Customization.        (line  6)
* cvs-status <1>:                        Updating the buffer.  (line  6)
* cvs-status:                            Entering PCL-CVS.     (line  6)
* cvs-status-mode:                       Updating the buffer.  (line 30)
* cvs-unknown (face):                    Customizing Faces.    (line  6)
* cvs-update <1>:                        Updating the buffer.  (line  6)
* cvs-update:                            Entering PCL-CVS.     (line  6)
* cvs-update-prog-output-skip-regexp (variable): Customization.
                                                               (line  6)
* log-edit-changelog-full-paragraphs (variable): Customization.
                                                               (line  6)
* log-edit-confirm (variable):           Committing changes.   (line 20)
* log-edit-insert-changelog:             Log Edit Mode.        (line 14)
* log-edit-require-final-newline (variable): Customization.    (line  6)
* vc-print-log:                          Log View Mode.        (line  6)

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Concept Index,  Next: Key Index,  Prev: Function and Variable Index,  Up: Top

Concept Index

This is an index of concepts discussed in this manual.

* Menu:

* *cvs* buffer contents:                 Buffer contents.      (line  6)
* -u option in modules file:             Customization.        (line  6)
* .cvsignore file, sorting:              Customization.        (line  6)
* About PCL-CVS:                         About PCL-CVS.        (line  6)
* Active files:                          Selected files.       (line  6)
* Adding files:                          Adding and removing files.
                                                               (line  6)
* Applicable:                            Selected files.       (line  6)
* Author, how to reach:                  Bugs.                 (line  6)
* Authors:                               Contributors.         (line  6)
* Automatically inserting newline:       Customization.        (line  6)
* Automatically remove handled files:    Customization.        (line  6)
* Automatically sorting .cvsignore:      Customization.        (line  6)
* Buffer contents:                       Buffer contents.      (line  6)
* Bugs, how to report them:              Bugs.                 (line  6)
* Bugs, known:                           Bugs.                 (line  6)
* Byte compilation:                      Miscellaneous commands.
                                                               (line  6)
* ChangeLog paragraphs:                  Customization.        (line 57)
* Command-line options to CVS:           Setting flags.        (line  6)
* Commit buffer:                         Committing changes.   (line  6)
* Commit message, inserting newline:     Customization.        (line  6)
* Committing changes:                    Committing changes.   (line  6)
* Conflicts, how to resolve them <1>:    Invoking Ediff.       (line  6)
* Conflicts, how to resolve them:        Viewing differences.  (line  6)
* Context diff, how to get:              Customization.        (line  6)
* Contributors:                          Contributors.         (line  6)
* Creating the *cvs* buffer:             Entering PCL-CVS.     (line  6)
* Customization:                         Customization.        (line  6)
* CVSROOT, overriding:                   Customization.        (line  6)
* Deleting files:                        Adding and removing files.
                                                               (line  6)
* Diff:                                  Viewing differences.  (line  6)
* Dired:                                 Editing files.        (line  6)
* Ediff:                                 Invoking Ediff.       (line  6)
* Edit buffer:                           Committing changes.   (line  6)
* Editing files:                         Editing files.        (line  6)
* Email to the author:                   Bugs.                 (line  6)
* Erasing commit message:                Committing changes.   (line  6)
* Erasing input buffer:                  Customization.        (line  6)
* Example run:                           Getting started.      (line  6)
* Expunging uninteresting entries:       Removing handled entries.
                                                               (line  6)
* FAQ:                                   Bugs.                 (line  6)
* File selection:                        Selected files.       (line  6)
* Finding files:                         Editing files.        (line  6)
* Flush changes:                         Undoing changes.      (line  6)
* Getting rid of lock files:             Miscellaneous commands.
                                                               (line  6)
* Getting rid of uninteresting lines:    Removing handled entries.
                                                               (line  6)
* Getting status:                        Getting info about files.
                                                               (line  6)
* Handled lines, removing them:          Removing handled entries.
                                                               (line  6)
* Help:                                  Miscellaneous commands.
                                                               (line  6)
* Ignoring files:                        Ignoring files.       (line  6)
* Introduction:                          Getting started.      (line  6)
* Invoking diff:                         Viewing differences.  (line  6)
* Invoking dired:                        Editing files.        (line  6)
* Invoking ediff:                        Invoking Ediff.       (line  6)
* Known bugs:                            Bugs.                 (line  6)
* Loading files:                         Editing files.        (line  6)
* Lock files:                            Miscellaneous commands.
                                                               (line  6)
* Log (RCS/cvs command):                 Getting info about files.
                                                               (line  6)
* Log Edit mode:                         Log Edit Mode.        (line  6)
* Log View mode:                         Log View Mode.        (line  6)
* Marked files:                          Selected files.       (line  6)
* Marking files:                         Marking files.        (line  6)
* Merging with ediff and emerge:         Invoking Ediff.       (line 13)
* mode, Log Edit:                        Log Edit Mode.        (line  6)
* mode, Log View:                        Log View Mode.        (line  6)
* Modules file (-u option):              Customization.        (line  6)
* Movement Commands:                     Movement commands.    (line  6)
* Optional switches to CVS:              Setting flags.        (line  6)
* output, logs:                          Log View Mode.        (line  6)
* Problems, list of common:              Bugs.                 (line  6)
* Putting files under CVS control:       Adding and removing files.
                                                               (line  6)
* Quitting:                              Miscellaneous commands.
                                                               (line  6)
* Recompiling elisp files:               Miscellaneous commands.
                                                               (line  6)
* Removing files:                        Adding and removing files.
                                                               (line  6)
* Removing uninteresting (processed) lines: Removing handled entries.
                                                               (line  6)
* Reporting bugs and ideas:              Bugs.                 (line  6)
* Require final newline:                 Customization.        (line  6)
* Resolving conflicts:                   Invoking Ediff.       (line  6)
* Resurrecting files:                    Adding and removing files.
                                                               (line  6)
* Reverting buffers after commit <1>:    Customization.        (line  6)
* Reverting buffers after commit:        Committing changes.   (line  6)
* Sample session:                        Getting started.      (line  6)
* Selected files:                        Selected files.       (line  6)
* Selecting files (commands to mark files): Marking files.     (line  6)
* Sorting .cvsignore file:               Customization.        (line  6)
* Special prefix:                        Setting flags.        (line 27)
* Status (cvs command):                  Getting info about files.
                                                               (line  6)
* Tagging files:                         Tagging files.        (line  6)
* Undo changes:                          Undoing changes.      (line  6)
* Unidiff, how to get:                   Customization.        (line  6)
* Uninteresting entries, getting rid of them: Removing handled entries.
                                                               (line  6)
* Update program (-u option in modules file): Customization.   (line  6)
* Updating files:                        Updating files.       (line  6)
* Variables, list of all:                Customization.        (line  6)
* Viewing differences <1>:               Invoking Ediff.       (line  6)
* Viewing differences:                   Viewing differences.  (line  6)

File: pcl-cvs,  Node: Key Index,  Prev: Concept Index,  Up: Top

Key Index

This index includes an entry for each PCL-CVS key sequence documented in
this manual.

* Menu:

* %-mark files matching regexp:          Marking files.         (line 6)
* =-run cvs diff:                        Viewing differences.   (line 6)
* ?-help:                                Miscellaneous commands.
                                                                (line 6)
* a-add a file:                          Adding and removing files.
                                                                (line 6)
* A-add ChangeLog entry:                 Editing files.         (line 6)
* c-commit files:                        Committing changes.    (line 6)
* C-commit files with ChangeLog message: Committing changes.    (line 6)
* C-k-remove selected entries:           Removing handled entries.
                                                                (line 6)
* d=-run cvs diff:                       Viewing differences.   (line 6)
* db-diff against base version:          Viewing differences.   (line 6)
* DEL-unmark previous file:              Marking files.         (line 6)
* dh-diff against head of repository:    Viewing differences.   (line 6)
* dr-diff between base and head of repository: Viewing differences.
                                                                (line 6)
* dv-diff against vendor branch:         Viewing differences.   (line 6)
* dy-diff against yesterday's head:      Viewing differences.   (line 6)
* e-invoke ediff:                        Invoking Ediff.        (line 6)
* ESC DEL-unmark all files:              Marking files.         (line 6)
* f-find file or directory:              Editing files.         (line 6)
* h-help:                                Miscellaneous commands.
                                                                (line 6)
* i-ignoring files:                      Ignoring files.        (line 6)
* l-run cvs log:                         Getting info about files.
                                                                (line 6)
* m-marking a file:                      Marking files.         (line 6)
* M-marking all files:                   Marking files.         (line 6)
* M-t-repository tag files:              Tagging files.         (line 6)
* n-Move down one file:                  Movement commands.     (line 6)
* o-find file in other window:           Editing files.         (line 6)
* O-update files:                        Updating files.        (line 6)
* p-Move up one file:                    Movement commands.     (line 6)
* q-bury the PCL-CVS buffer:             Miscellaneous commands.
                                                                (line 6)
* r-remove a file:                       Adding and removing files.
                                                                (line 6)
* S-mark files in a particular state:    Marking files.         (line 6)
* s-run cvs status:                      Getting info about files.
                                                                (line 6)
* SPC-Move down one file:                Movement commands.     (line 6)
* t-tag files:                           Tagging files.         (line 6)
* T-toggle marks:                        Marking files.         (line 6)
* U-undo changes:                        Undoing changes.       (line 6)
* u-unmark a file:                       Marking files.         (line 6)
* x-remove processed entries:            Removing handled entries.
                                                                (line 6)