File: coreutils.info, Node: mv invocation, Next: rm invocation, Prev: install invocation, Up: Basic operations 11.4 `mv': Move (rename) files ============================== `mv' moves or renames files (or directories). Synopses: mv [OPTION]... [-T] SOURCE DEST mv [OPTION]... SOURCE... DIRECTORY mv [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY SOURCE... * If two file names are given, `mv' moves the first file to the second. * If the `--target-directory' (`-t') option is given, or failing that if the last file is a directory and the `--no-target-directory' (`-T') option is not given, `mv' moves each SOURCE file to the specified directory, using the SOURCEs' names. `mv' can move any type of file from one file system to another. Prior to version `4.0' of the fileutils, `mv' could move only regular files between file systems. For example, now `mv' can move an entire directory hierarchy including special device files from one partition to another. It first uses some of the same code that's used by `cp -a' to copy the requested directories and files, then (assuming the copy succeeded) it removes the originals. If the copy fails, then the part that was copied to the destination partition is removed. If you were to copy three directories from one partition to another and the copy of the first directory succeeded, but the second didn't, the first would be left on the destination partition and the second and third would be left on the original partition. `mv' always tries to copy extended attributes (xattr). If a destination file exists but is normally unwritable, standard input is a terminal, and the `-f' or `--force' option is not given, `mv' prompts the user for whether to replace the file. (You might own the file, or have write permission on its directory.) If the response is not affirmative, the file is skipped. _Warning_: Avoid specifying a source name with a trailing slash, when it might be a symlink to a directory. Otherwise, `mv' may do something very surprising, since its behavior depends on the underlying rename system call. On a system with a modern Linux-based kernel, it fails with `errno=ENOTDIR'. However, on other systems (at least FreeBSD 6.1 and Solaris 10) it silently renames not the symlink but rather the directory referenced by the symlink. *Note Trailing slashes::. The program accepts the following options. Also see *note Common options::. `-b' `--backup[=METHOD]' *Note Backup options::. Make a backup of each file that would otherwise be overwritten or removed. `-f' `--force' Do not prompt the user before removing a destination file. If you specify more than one of the `-i', `-f', `-n' options, only the final one takes effect. `-i' `--interactive' Prompt whether to overwrite each existing destination file, regardless of its permissions. If the response is not affirmative, the file is skipped. If you specify more than one of the `-i', `-f', `-n' options, only the final one takes effect. `-n' `--no-clobber' Do not overwrite an existing file. If you specify more than one of the `-i', `-f', `-n' options, only the final one takes effect. This option is mutually exclusive with `-b' or `--backup' option. `-u' `--update' Do not move a non-directory that has an existing destination with the same or newer modification time. If the move is across file system boundaries, the comparison is to the source time stamp truncated to the resolutions of the destination file system and of the system calls used to update time stamps; this avoids duplicate work if several `mv -u' commands are executed with the same source and destination. `-v' `--verbose' Print the name of each file before moving it. `--strip-trailing-slashes' Remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCE argument. *Note Trailing slashes::. `-S SUFFIX' `--suffix=SUFFIX' Append SUFFIX to each backup file made with `-b'. *Note Backup options::. `-t DIRECTORY' `--target-directory=DIRECTORY' Specify the destination DIRECTORY. *Note Target directory::. `-T' `--no-target-directory' Do not treat the last operand specially when it is a directory or a symbolic link to a directory. *Note Target directory::. An exit status of zero indicates success, and a nonzero value indicates failure.