File: gettext.info, Node: msgcat Invocation, Next: msgconv Invocation, Prev: Manipulating, Up: Manipulating 9.1 Invoking the `msgcat' Program ================================= msgcat [OPTION] [INPUTFILE]... The `msgcat' program concatenates and merges the specified PO files. It finds messages which are common to two or more of the specified PO files. By using the `--more-than' option, greater commonality may be requested before messages are printed. Conversely, the `--less-than' option may be used to specify less commonality before messages are printed (i.e. `--less-than=2' will only print the unique messages). Translations, comments and extract comments will be cumulated, except that if `--use-first' is specified, they will be taken from the first PO file to define them. File positions from all PO files will be cumulated. 9.1.1 Input file location ------------------------- `INPUTFILE ...' Input files. `-f FILE' `--files-from=FILE' Read the names of the input files from FILE instead of getting them from the command line. `-D DIRECTORY' `--directory=DIRECTORY' Add DIRECTORY to the list of directories. Source files are searched relative to this list of directories. The resulting `.po' file will be written relative to the current directory, though. If INPUTFILE is `-', standard input is read. 9.1.2 Output file location -------------------------- `-o FILE' `--output-file=FILE' Write output to specified file. The results are written to standard output if no output file is specified or if it is `-'. 9.1.3 Message selection ----------------------- `-< NUMBER' `--less-than=NUMBER' Print messages with less than NUMBER definitions, defaults to infinite if not set. `-> NUMBER' `--more-than=NUMBER' Print messages with more than NUMBER definitions, defaults to 0 if not set. `-u' `--unique' Shorthand for `--less-than=2'. Requests that only unique messages be printed. 9.1.4 Input file syntax ----------------------- `-P' `--properties-input' Assume the input files are Java ResourceBundles in Java `.properties' syntax, not in PO file syntax. `--stringtable-input' Assume the input files are NeXTstep/GNUstep localized resource files in `.strings' syntax, not in PO file syntax. 9.1.5 Output details -------------------- `-t' `--to-code=NAME' Specify encoding for output. `--use-first' Use first available translation for each message. Don't merge several translations into one. `--color' `--color=WHEN' Specify whether or when to use colors and other text attributes. See *note The --color option:: for details. `--style=STYLE_FILE' Specify the CSS style rule file to use for `--color'. See *note The --style option:: for details. `--force-po' Always write an output file even if it contains no message. `-i' `--indent' Write the .po file using indented style. `--no-location' Do not write `#: FILENAME:LINE' lines. `-n' `--add-location' Generate `#: FILENAME:LINE' lines (default). `--strict' Write out a strict Uniforum conforming PO file. Note that this Uniforum format should be avoided because it doesn't support the GNU extensions. `-p' `--properties-output' Write out a Java ResourceBundle in Java `.properties' syntax. Note that this file format doesn't support plural forms and silently drops obsolete messages. `--stringtable-output' Write out a NeXTstep/GNUstep localized resource file in `.strings' syntax. Note that this file format doesn't support plural forms. `-w NUMBER' `--width=NUMBER' Set the output page width. Long strings in the output files will be split across multiple lines in order to ensure that each line's width (= number of screen columns) is less or equal to the given NUMBER. `--no-wrap' Do not break long message lines. Message lines whose width exceeds the output page width will not be split into several lines. Only file reference lines which are wider than the output page width will be split. `-s' `--sort-output' Generate sorted output. Note that using this option makes it much harder for the translator to understand each message's context. `-F' `--sort-by-file' Sort output by file location. 9.1.6 Informative output ------------------------ `-h' `--help' Display this help and exit. `-V' `--version' Output version information and exit.