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File: forms,  Node: Top,  Next: Forms Example,  Up: (dir)

Forms Mode

Forms mode is an Emacs major mode for working with simple textual data
bases in a forms-oriented manner.  In Forms mode, the information in
these files is presented in an Emacs window in a user-defined format,
one record at a time.  The user can view records or modify their

   Forms mode is not a simple major mode, but requires two files to do
its job: a control file and a data file.  The data file holds the
actual data to be presented.  The control file describes how to present

   This file documents Forms mode, a form-editing major mode for GNU

   Copyright (C) 1989, 1997, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007,
2008, 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

     Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this
     document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License,
     Version 1.3 or any later version published by the Free Software
     Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with the Front-Cover texts
     being "A GNU Manual," and with the Back-Cover Texts as in (a)
     below.  A copy of the license is included in the section entitled
     "GNU Free Documentation License".

     (a) The FSF's Back-Cover Text is: "You have the freedom to copy and
     modify this GNU manual.  Buying copies from the FSF supports it in
     developing GNU and promoting software freedom."

* Menu:

* Forms Example::               An example: editing the password data base.
* Entering and Exiting Forms Mode::
                                How to visit a file in Forms mode.
* Forms Commands::              Special commands to use while in Forms mode.
* Data File Format::            How to format the data file.
* Control File Format::         How to control forms mode.
* Format Description::          How to define the forms layout.
* Modifying Forms Contents::    How to modify.
* Miscellaneous::               Forms mode messages and other remarks.
* Error Messages::              List of error messages forms mode can produce.
* Long Example::                A more complex control file example.
* GNU Free Documentation License:: The license for this documentation.
* Credits::                     Thanks everyone.
* Index::                       Index to this manual.

File: forms,  Node: Forms Example,  Next: Entering and Exiting Forms Mode,  Prev: Top,  Up: Top

1 Forms Example

Let's illustrate Forms mode with an example.  Suppose you are looking at
the `/etc/passwd' file, and the screen looks like this:

     ====== /etc/passwd ======

     User : root   Uid: 0   Gid: 1

     Name : Super User

     Home : /

     Shell: /bin/sh

   As you can see, the familiar fields from the entry for the super user
are all there, but instead of being colon-separated on one single line,
they make up a forms.

   The contents of the forms consist of the contents of the fields of
the record (e.g. `root', `0', `1', `Super User') interspersed with
normal text (e.g `User : ', `Uid: ').

   If you modify the contents of the fields, Forms mode will analyze
your changes and update the file appropriately.  You cannot modify the
interspersed explanatory text (unless you go to some trouble about it),
because that is marked read-only (*note Text Properties: (elisp)Text

   The Forms mode control file specifies the relationship between the
format of `/etc/passwd' and what appears on the screen in Forms mode.
*Note Control File Format::.

File: forms,  Node: Entering and Exiting Forms Mode,  Next: Forms Commands,  Prev: Forms Example,  Up: Top

2 Entering and Exiting Forms Mode

`M-x forms-find-file <RET> CONTROL-FILE <RET>'
     Visit a database using Forms mode.  Specify the name of the
     *control file*, not the data file!

`M-x forms-find-file-other-window <RET> CONTROL-FILE <RET>'
     Similar, but displays the file in another window.

   The command `forms-find-file' evaluates the file CONTROL-FILE, and
also visits it in Forms mode.  What you see in its buffer is not the
contents of this file, but rather a single record of the corresponding
data file that is visited in its own buffer.  So there are two buffers
involved in Forms mode: the "forms buffer" that is initially used to
visit the control file and that shows the records being browsed, and
the "data buffer" that holds the data file being visited.  The latter
buffer is normally not visible.

   Initially, the first record is displayed in the forms buffer.  The
mode line displays the major mode name `Forms', followed by the minor
mode `View' if the data base is read-only.  The number of the current
record (N) and the total number of records in the file(T) are shown in
the mode line as `N/T'.  For example:

     --%%-Emacs: passwd-demo          (Forms View 1/54)----All-------

   If the buffer is not read-only, you may change the buffer to modify
the fields in the record.  When you move to a different record, the
contents of the buffer are parsed using the specifications in
`forms-format-list', and the data file is updated.  If the record has
fields that aren't included in the display, they are not changed.

   Entering Forms mode runs the normal hook `forms-mode-hooks' to
perform user-defined customization.

   To save any modified data, you can use `C-x C-s'
(`forms-save-buffer').  This does not save the forms buffer (which would
be rather useless), but instead saves the buffer visiting the data file.

   To terminate Forms mode, you can use `C-x C-s' (`forms-save-buffer')
and then kill the forms buffer.  However, the data buffer will still
remain.  If this is not desired, you have to kill this buffer too.

File: forms,  Node: Forms Commands,  Next: Data File Format,  Prev: Entering and Exiting Forms Mode,  Up: Top

3 Forms Commands

The commands of Forms mode belong to the `C-c' prefix, with one
exception: <TAB>, which moves to the next field.  Forms mode uses
different key maps for normal mode and read-only mode.  In read-only
Forms mode, you can access most of the commands without the `C-c'
prefix, but you must type ordinary letters instead of control
characters; for example, type `n' instead of `C-c C-n'.

   If your Emacs has been built with X-toolkit support, Forms mode will
provide its own menu with a number of Forms mode commands.

`C-c C-n'
     Show the next record (`forms-next-record').  With a numeric
     argument N, show the Nth next record.

`C-c C-p'
     Show the previous record (`forms-prev-record').  With a numeric
     argument N, show the Nth previous record.

`C-c C-l'
     Jump to a record by number (`forms-jump-record').   Specify the
     record number with a numeric argument.

`C-c <'
     Jump to the first record (`forms-first-record').

`C-c >'
     Jump to the last record (`forms-last-record').  This command also
     recalculates the number of records in the data file.

`C-c <TAB>'
     Jump to the next field in the current record (`forms-next-field').
     With a numeric argument N, jump forward N fields.  If this command
     would move past the last field, it wraps around to the first field.

`C-c C-q'
     Toggles read-only mode (`forms-toggle-read-only').  In read-only
     Forms mode, you cannot edit the fields; most Forms mode commands
     can be accessed without the prefix `C-c' if you use the normal
     letter instead (for example, type `n' instead of `C-c C-n').  In
     edit mode, you can edit the fields and thus change the contents of
     the data base; you must begin Forms mode commands with `C-c'.
     Switching to edit mode is allowed only if you have write access to
     the data file.

`C-c C-o'
     Create a new record and insert it before the current record
     (`forms-insert-record').  It starts out with empty (or default)
     contents for its fields; you can then edit the fields.  With a
     numeric argument, the new record is created _after_ the current
     one.  See also `forms-modified-record-filter' in *note Modifying
     Forms Contents::.

`C-c C-k'
     Delete the current record (`forms-delete-record').  You are
     prompted for confirmation before the record is deleted unless a
     numeric argument has been provided.

`C-c C-s REGEXP <RET>'
     Search forward for REGEXP in all records following this one
     (`forms-search-forward').  If found, this record is shown.  If you
     give an empty argument, the previous regexp is used again.

`C-c C-r REGEXP <RET>'
     Search backward for REGEXP in all records following this one
     (`forms-search-backward').  If found, this record is shown.  If
     you give an empty argument, the previous regexp is used again.

`M-x forms-prev-field'
     Similar to `forms-next-field' but moves backwards.

`M-x forms-save-buffer'
`C-x C-s'
     Forms mode replacement for `save-buffer'. When executed in the
     forms buffer it will save the contents of the (modified) data
     buffer instead. In Forms mode this function will be bound to `C-x

`M-x forms-print'
     This command can be used to make a formatted print of the contents
     of the data file.

   In addition the command `M-x revert-buffer' is useful in Forms mode
just as in other modes.

   The following function key definitions are set up in Forms mode
(whether read-only or not):






File: forms,  Node: Data File Format,  Next: Control File Format,  Prev: Forms Commands,  Up: Top

4 Data File Format

Files for use with Forms mode are very simple--each "record" (usually
one line) forms the contents of one form.  Each record consists of a
number of "fields", which are separated by the value of the string
`forms-field-sep', which is `"\t"' (a Tab) by default.

   If the format of the data file is not suitable enough you can define
the filter functions `forms-read-file-filter' and
`forms-write-file-filter'. `forms-read-file-filter' is called when the
data file is read from disk into the data buffer. It operates on the
data buffer, ignoring read-only protections. When the data file is
saved to disk `forms-write-file-filter' is called to cancel the effects
of `forms-read-file-filter'. After being saved,
`forms-read-file-filter' is called again to prepare the data buffer for
further processing.

   Fields may contain text which shows up in the forms in multiple
lines.  These lines are separated in the field using a "pseudo-newline"
character which is defined by the value of the string
`forms-multi-line'.  Its default value is `"\^k"' (a Control-K
character).  If it is set to `nil', multiple line fields are prohibited.

   If the data file does not exist, it is automatically created.

File: forms,  Node: Control File Format,  Next: Format Description,  Prev: Data File Format,  Up: Top

5 Control File Format

The Forms mode "control file" serves two purposes.  First, it names the
data file to use, and defines its format and properties.  Second, the
Emacs buffer it occupies is used by Forms mode to display the forms.

   The contents of the control file are evaluated as a Lisp program.  It
should set the following Lisp variables to suitable values:

     This variable specifies the name of the data file.  Example:

          (setq forms-file "my/data-file")

     If the control file doesn't set `forms-file', Forms mode reports
     an error.

     This variable describes the way the fields of the record are
     formatted on the screen.  For details, see *note Format

     This variable holds the number of fields in each record of the data
     file.  Example:

          (setq forms-number-of-fields 10)

   If the control file does not set `forms-format-list' a default
format is used.  In this situation, Forms mode will deduce the number of
fields from the data file providing this file exists and
`forms-number-of-records' has not been set in the control file.

   The control file can optionally set the following additional Forms
mode variables.  Most of them have default values that are good for most

     This variable may be used to designate the string which separates
     the fields in the records of the data file.  If not set, it
     defaults to the string `"\t"' (a Tab character).  Example:

          (setq forms-field-sep "\t")

     If the value is non-`nil', the data file is treated read-only.
     (Forms mode also treats the data file as read-only if you don't
     have access to write it.)  Example:

          (set forms-read-only t)

     This variable specifies the "pseudo newline" separator that allows
     multi-line fields.  This separator goes between the "lines" within
     a field--thus, the field doesn't really contain multiple lines,
     but it appears that way when displayed in Forms mode.  If the
     value is `nil', multi-line text fields are prohibited.  The pseudo
     newline must not be a character contained in `forms-field-sep'.

     The default value is `"\^k"', the character Control-K.  Example:

          (setq forms-multi-line "\^k")

     This variable holds the name of a function to be called after the
     data file has been read in. This can be used to transform the
     contents of the data file into a format more suitable for forms
     processing.  If it is `nil', no function is called.  For example,
     to maintain a gzipped database:

          (defun gzip-read-file-filter ()
            (shell-command-on-region (point-min) (point-max)
                                     "gzip -d" t t))
          (setq forms-read-file-filter 'gzip-read-file-filter)

     This variable holds the name of a function to be called before
     writing out the contents of the data file.  This can be used to
     undo the effects of `forms-read-file-filter'.  If it is `nil', no
     function is called.  Example:

          (defun gzip-write-file-filter ()
            (make-variable-buffer-local 'require-final-newline)
            (setq require-final-newline nil)
            (shell-command-on-region (point-min) (point-max)
                                     "gzip" t t))
          (setq forms-write-file-filter 'gzip-write-file-filter)

     This variable holds a function to be called whenever a new record
     is created to supply default values for fields.  If it is `nil',
     no function is called.  *Note Modifying Forms Contents::, for

     This variable holds a function to be called whenever a record is
     modified, just before updating the Forms data file.  If it is
     `nil', no function is called.  *Note Modifying Forms Contents::,
     for details.

     If this variable is not `nil', new records are created _after_ the
     current record. Also, upon visiting a file, the initial position
     will be at the last record instead of the first one.

     Normally each record is checked to contain the correct number of
     fields.  Under certain circumstances, this can be undesirable.  If
     this variable is set to `nil', these checks will be bypassed.

File: forms,  Node: Format Description,  Next: Modifying Forms Contents,  Prev: Control File Format,  Up: Top

6 The Format Description

The variable `forms-format-list' specifies the format of the data in
the data file, and how to convert the data for display in Forms mode.
Its value must be a list of Forms mode "formatting elements", each of
which can be a string, a number, a Lisp list, or a Lisp symbol that
evaluates to one of those.  The formatting elements are processed in the
order they appear in the list.

     A string formatting element is inserted in the forms "as is," as
     text that the user cannot alter.

     A number element selects a field of the record.  The contents of
     this field are inserted in the display at this point.  Field
     numbers count starting from 1 (one).

     A formatting element that is a list specifies a function call.
     This function is called every time a record is displayed, and its
     result, which must be a string, is inserted in the display text.
     The function should do nothing but returning a string.

     The function you call can access the fields of the record as a
     list in the variable `forms-fields'.

     A symbol used as a formatting element should evaluate to a string,
     number, or list; the value is interpreted as a formatting element,
     as described above.

   If a record does not contain the number of fields as specified in
`forms-number-of-fields', a warning message will be printed.  Excess
fields are ignored, missing fields are set to empty.

   The control file which displays `/etc/passwd' file as demonstrated
in the beginning of this manual might look as follows:

     ;; This demo visits `/etc/passwd'.

     (setq forms-file "/etc/passwd")
     (setq forms-number-of-fields 7)
     (setq forms-read-only t)                 ; to make sure
     (setq forms-field-sep ":")
     ;; Don't allow multi-line fields.
     (setq forms-multi-line nil)

     (setq forms-format-list
            "====== /etc/passwd ======\n\n"
            "User : "    1
            "   Uid: "   3
            "   Gid: "   4
            "Name : "    5
            "Home : "    6
            "Shell: "    7

   When you construct the value of  `forms-format-list', you should
usually either quote the whole value, like this,

     (setq forms-format-list
            "====== " forms-file " ======\n\n"
            "User : "    1
            (make-string 20 ?-)

or quote the elements which are lists, like this:

     (setq forms-format-list
            "====== " forms-file " ======\n\n"
            "User : "    1
            '(make-string 20 ?-)

   Forms mode validates the contents of `forms-format-list' when you
visit a database.  If there are errors, processing is aborted with an
error message which includes a descriptive text.  *Note Error
Messages::, for a detailed list of error messages.

   If no `forms-format-list' is specified, Forms mode will supply a
default format list.  This list contains the name of the file being
visited, and a simple label for each field indicating the field number.

File: forms,  Node: Modifying Forms Contents,  Next: Miscellaneous,  Prev: Format Description,  Up: Top

7 Modifying The Forms Contents

If `forms-read-only' is `nil', the user can modify the fields and
records of the database.

   All normal editing commands are available for editing the contents
of the displayed record.  You cannot delete or modify the fixed,
explanatory text that comes from string formatting elements, but you
can modify the actual field contents.

   If the variable `forms-modified-record-filter' is non-`nil', it is
called as a function before the new data is written to the data file.
The function receives one argument, a vector that contains the contents
of the fields of the record.

   The function can refer to fields with `aref' and modify them with
`aset'.  The first field has number 1 (one); thus, element 0 of the
vector is not used.  The function should return the same vector it was
passed; the (possibly modified) contents of the vector determine what is
actually written in the file.  Here is an example:

     (defun my-modified-record-filter (record)
       ;; Modify second field.
       (aset record 2 (current-time-string))
       ;; Return the field vector.

     (setq forms-modified-record-filter 'my-modified-record-filter)

   If the variable `forms-new-record-filter' is non-`nil', its value is
a function to be called to fill in default values for the fields of a
new record.  The function is passed a vector of empty strings, one for
each field; it should return the same vector, with the desired field
values stored in it.  Fields are numbered starting from 1 (one).

     (defun my-new-record-filter (fields)
       (aset fields 5 (login-name))
       (aset fields 1 (current-time-string))

     (setq forms-new-record-filter 'my-new-record-filter)

File: forms,  Node: Miscellaneous,  Next: Error Messages,  Prev: Modifying Forms Contents,  Up: Top

8 Miscellaneous

The global variable `forms-version' holds the version information of
the Forms mode software.

   It is very convenient to use symbolic names for the fields in a
record.  The function `forms-enumerate' provides an elegant means to
define a series of variables whose values are consecutive integers.  The
function returns the highest number used, so it can be used to set
`forms-number-of-fields' also.  For example:

     (setq forms-number-of-fields
            '(field1 field2 field3 ...)))

   This sets `field1' to 1, `field2' to 2, and so on.

   Care has been taken to keep the Forms mode variables buffer-local,
so it is possible to visit multiple files in Forms mode simultaneously,
even if they have different properties.

   If you have visited the control file in normal fashion with
`find-file' or a like command, you can switch to Forms mode with the
command `M-x forms-mode'.  If you put `-*- forms -*-' in the first line
of the control file, then visiting it enables Forms mode automatically.
But this makes it hard to edit the control file itself, so you'd better
think twice before using this.

   The default format for the data file, using `"\t"' to separate
fields and `"\^k"' to separate lines within a field, matches the file
format of some popular database programs, e.g. FileMaker.  So
`forms-mode' can decrease the need to use proprietary software.

File: forms,  Node: Error Messages,  Next: Long Example,  Prev: Miscellaneous,  Up: Top

9 Error Messages

This section describes all error messages which can be generated by
forms mode.  Error messages that result from parsing the control file
all start with the text `Forms control file error'.  Messages generated
while analyzing the definition of `forms-format-list' start with `Forms
format error'.

`Forms control file error: `forms-file' has not been set'
     The variable `forms-file' was not set by the control file.

`Forms control file error: `forms-number-of-fields' has not been set'
     The variable `forms-number-of-fields' was not set by the control

`Forms control file error: `forms-number-of-fields' must be a number > 0'
     The variable `forms-number-of-fields' did not contain a positive

`Forms control file error: `forms-field-sep' is not a string'
`Forms control file error: `forms-multi-line' must be nil or a one-character string'
     The variable `forms-multi-line' was set to something other than
     `nil' or a single-character string.

`Forms control file error: `forms-multi-line' is equal to 'forms-field-sep''
     The variable `forms-multi-line' may not be equal to
     `forms-field-sep' for this would make it impossible to distinguish
     fields and the lines in the fields.

`Forms control file error: `forms-new-record-filter' is not a function'
`Forms control file error: `forms-modified-record-filter' is not a function'
     The variable has been set to something else than a function.

`Forms control file error: `forms-format-list' is not a list'
     The variable `forms-format-list' was not set to a Lisp list by the
     control file.

`Forms format error: field number XX out of range 1..NN'
     A field number was supplied in `forms-format-list' with a value of
     XX, which was not greater than zero and smaller than or equal to
     the number of fields in the forms, NN.

`Forms format error: FUN is not a function'
     The first element of a list which is an element of
     `forms-format-list' was not a valid Lisp function.

`Forms format error: invalid element XX'
     A list element was supplied in `forms-format-list' which was not a
     string, number or list.

`Warning: this record has XX fields instead of YY'
     The number of fields in this record in the data file did not match
     `forms-number-of-fields'.  Missing fields will be made empty.

`Multi-line fields in this record - update refused!'
     The current record contains newline characters, hence can not be
     written back to the data file, for it would corrupt it.  Probably
     you inserted a newline in a field, while `forms-multi-line' was

`Field separator occurs in record - update refused!'
     The current record contains the field separator string inside one
     of the fields. It can not be written back to the data file, for it
     would corrupt it. Probably you inserted the field separator string
     in a field.

`Record number XX out of range 1..YY'
     A jump was made to non-existing record XX.  YY denotes the number
     of records in the file.

`Stuck at record XX'
     An internal error prevented a specific record from being retrieved.

`No write access to `"'FILE`"''
     An attempt was made to enable edit mode on a file that has been
     write protected.

`Search failed: REGEXP'
     The REGEXP could not be found in the data file. Forward searching
     is done from the current location until the end of the file, then
     retrying from the beginning of the file until the current location.
     Backward searching is done from the current location until the
     beginning of the file, then retrying from the end of the file
     until the current location.

     A search completed successfully after wrapping around.

`Warning: number of records changed to NN'
     Forms mode's idea of the number of records has been adjusted to the
     number of records actually present in the data file.

`Problem saving buffers?'
     An error occurred while saving the data file buffer. Most likely,
     Emacs did ask to confirm deleting the buffer because it had been
     modified, and you said `no'.

File: forms,  Node: Long Example,  Next: GNU Free Documentation License,  Prev: Error Messages,  Up: Top

10 Long Example

The following example exploits most of the features of Forms mode.
This example is included in the distribution as file `forms-d2.el'.

     ;; demo2 -- demo forms-mode     -*- emacs-lisp -*-

     ;; This sample forms exploit most of the features of forms mode.

     ;; Set the name of the data file.
     (setq forms-file "forms-d2.dat")

     ;; Use `forms-enumerate' to set field names and number thereof.
     (setq forms-number-of-fields
            '(arch-newsgroup                 ; 1
              arch-volume                    ; 2
              arch-issue                     ; and ...
              arch-article                   ; ... so
              arch-shortname                 ; ... ... on

     ;; The following functions are used by this form for layout purposes.
     (defun arch-tocol (target &optional fill)
       "Produces a string to skip to column TARGET.
     Prepends newline if needed.
     The optional FILL should be a character, used to fill to the column."
       (if (null fill)
           (setq fill ? ))
       (if (< target (current-column))
           (concat "\n" (make-string target fill))
         (make-string (- target (current-column)) fill)))
     (defun arch-rj (target field &optional fill)
       "Produces a string to skip to column TARGET\
      minus the width of field FIELD.
     Prepends newline if needed.
     The optional FILL should be a character,
     used to fill to the column."
       (arch-tocol (- target (length (nth field forms-fields))) fill))

     ;; Record filters.
     (defun new-record-filter (the-record)
       "Form a new record with some defaults."
       (aset the-record arch-from (user-full-name))
       (aset the-record arch-date (current-time-string))
       the-record)                           ; return it
     (setq forms-new-record-filter 'new-record-filter)

     ;; The format list.
     (setq forms-format-list
            "====== Public Domain Software Archive ======\n\n"
            " - "                    arch-longname
            "Article: "              arch-newsgroup
            "/"                      arch-article
            " "
            '(arch-tocol 40)
            "Issue: "                arch-issue
            " "
            '(arch-rj 73 10)
            "Date: "                 arch-date
            "Submitted by: "         arch-from
            '(arch-tocol 79 ?-)
            "Keywords: "             arch-keywords
            "Parts: "                arch-parts
            "\n\n====== Remarks ======\n\n"

     ;; That's all, folks!

File: forms,  Node: GNU Free Documentation License,  Next: Credits,  Prev: Long Example,  Up: Top

Appendix A GNU Free Documentation License

                     Version 1.3, 3 November 2008

     Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002, 2007, 2008, 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

     Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
     of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.


     The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other
     functional and useful document "free" in the sense of freedom: to
     assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it,
     with or without modifying it, either commercially or
     noncommercially.  Secondarily, this License preserves for the
     author and publisher a way to get credit for their work, while not
     being considered responsible for modifications made by others.

     This License is a kind of "copyleft", which means that derivative
     works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense.
     It complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft
     license designed for free software.

     We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for
     free software, because free software needs free documentation: a
     free program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms
     that the software does.  But this License is not limited to
     software manuals; it can be used for any textual work, regardless
     of subject matter or whether it is published as a printed book.
     We recommend this License principally for works whose purpose is
     instruction or reference.


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File: forms,  Node: Credits,  Next: Index,  Prev: GNU Free Documentation License,  Up: Top

11 Credits

Bug fixes and other useful suggestions were supplied by Harald
Hanche-Olsen (`'), `',
Jonathan I. Kamens, Per Cederqvist  (`'), Michael Lipka
(`'), Andy Piper (`'), Frederic
Pierresteguy  (`'), Ignatios Souvatzis and
Richard Stallman (`').

   This documentation was slightly inspired by the documentation of
"rolo mode" by Paul Davis at Schlumberger Cambridge Research

   None of this would have been possible without GNU Emacs of the Free
Software Foundation.  Thanks, Richard!

File: forms,  Node: Index,  Prev: Credits,  Up: Top


* Menu:

* begin:                                 Forms Commands.      (line 101)
* C-c <:                                 Forms Commands.      (line  28)
* C-c >:                                 Forms Commands.      (line  31)
* C-c C-k:                               Forms Commands.      (line  59)
* C-c C-l:                               Forms Commands.      (line  24)
* C-c C-n:                               Forms Commands.      (line  16)
* C-c C-o:                               Forms Commands.      (line  51)
* C-c C-p:                               Forms Commands.      (line  20)
* C-c C-q:                               Forms Commands.      (line  41)
* C-c C-r REGEXP <RET>:                  Forms Commands.      (line  69)
* C-c C-s REGEXP <RET>:                  Forms Commands.      (line  64)
* C-c TAB:                               Forms Commands.      (line  36)
* C-x C-s:                               Forms Commands.      (line  78)
* control file:                          Control File Format. (line   6)
* end:                                   Forms Commands.      (line 104)
* field:                                 Data File Format.    (line   6)
* forms-check-number-of-fields:          Control File Format. (line 109)
* forms-delete-record:                   Forms Commands.      (line  59)
* forms-enumerate:                       Miscellaneous.       (line   9)
* forms-field-sep <1>:                   Control File Format. (line  41)
* forms-field-sep:                       Data File Format.    (line   6)
* forms-fields:                          Format Description.  (line  28)
* forms-file:                            Control File Format. (line  13)
* forms-find-file:                       Entering and Exiting Forms Mode.
                                                              (line   6)
* forms-find-file-other-window:          Entering and Exiting Forms Mode.
                                                              (line  10)
* forms-first-record:                    Forms Commands.      (line  28)
* forms-format-list <1>:                 Format Description.  (line   6)
* forms-format-list:                     Control File Format. (line  21)
* forms-insert-after:                    Control File Format. (line 104)
* forms-insert-record:                   Forms Commands.      (line  51)
* forms-jump-record:                     Forms Commands.      (line  24)
* forms-last-record:                     Forms Commands.      (line  31)
* forms-mode:                            Miscellaneous.       (line  25)
* forms-mode-hooks:                      Entering and Exiting Forms Mode.
                                                              (line  36)
* forms-modified-record-filter:          Control File Format. (line  98)
* forms-multi-line <1>:                  Control File Format. (line  55)
* forms-multi-line:                      Data File Format.    (line  21)
* forms-new-record-filter:               Control File Format. (line  92)
* forms-next-field:                      Forms Commands.      (line  35)
* forms-next-record:                     Forms Commands.      (line  16)
* forms-number-of-fields:                Control File Format. (line  26)
* forms-prev-field:                      Forms Commands.      (line  74)
* forms-prev-record:                     Forms Commands.      (line  20)
* forms-print:                           Forms Commands.      (line  84)
* forms-read-file-filter <1>:            Control File Format. (line  67)
* forms-read-file-filter:                Data File Format.    (line  11)
* forms-read-only:                       Control File Format. (line  48)
* forms-save-buffer:                     Forms Commands.      (line  77)
* forms-search-backward:                 Forms Commands.      (line  69)
* forms-search-forward:                  Forms Commands.      (line  64)
* forms-toggle-read-only:                Forms Commands.      (line  41)
* forms-version:                         Miscellaneous.       (line   6)
* forms-write-file-filter <1>:           Control File Format. (line  79)
* forms-write-file-filter:               Data File Format.    (line  11)
* next:                                  Forms Commands.      (line  95)
* prior:                                 Forms Commands.      (line  98)
* pseudo-newline:                        Data File Format.    (line  21)
* record:                                Data File Format.    (line   6)
* S-Tab:                                 Forms Commands.      (line 107)
* TAB:                                   Forms Commands.      (line  35)